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The Romance Linguistics and Literature Program emphasizes modern linguistic and literary theories in the study of Romance languages. Linguistic and literary theories can be pursued independently or jointly; however, the integration of linguistic and literary knowledge is taken to be one of the highest aims of this interdepartmental graduate program.
The following constitutes introductory information regarding graduate degree programs. For a complete outline of degree requirements, see Program Requirements for UCLA Graduate Degrees available in the program office and accessible on the Graduate Division Gopher via the Internet.
The UCLA Bachelor of Arts degree in French, Italian, Portuguese, or Spanish, or equivalent, is required. Applicants to the Master of Arts program are expected to have a grade-point average of at least 3.4 in upper division courses, especially in those judged germane to the proposed program. Three letters of recommendation and the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) are also required. Applicants admitted from elsewhere with preparation considered deficient in view of the intended specialization are required to take specified upper division courses. Such courses may be taken concurrently with graduate courses, but they may not be applied toward the course requirements for the M.A. degree. Before enrolling for the first quarter in the program, new students must consult the program chair concerning the formation of their guidance committee. If students know only the language of their majors, they should prepare in at least one other Romance language during the first graduate year so they can take courses in their minor no later than the second year of graduate study.
Consult the department.
Twelve courses are the minimum requirement, of which six courses (at least five of them graduate) must be in the major language, with specialization either in linguistics or in literature. One course in the history or development of the major language is highly recommended. At least three courses would be in the minor language, also with specialization in either linguistics or in literature. The remaining three courses should be selected in consultation with the guidance committee so as to be logically supportive of the student's major field of study. Linguistics 20 is required as a prerequisite for all students majoring in the linguistics field but is not counted as part of the total number of courses required for the degree. Up to eight units of Romance Linguistics and Literature 596 may be applied toward the M.A. degree. Courses 597 and 598 may not be applied toward the degree.
The comprehensive examination is administered by three members of the guidance committee, appointed by the program chair. The written examination, consisting of one four-hour examination in the major field, one two-hour examination in the minor field, and one oral examination not to exceed one hour, is given each quarter in the second week prior to final examinations. If the examination or any part thereof is failed, the failed portions may be retaken once when the examination is next regularly offered. Only those students who attain a high pass grade on the master's examination are automatically admitted to the Ph.D. program.
The program favors the comprehensive examination plan, but under special circumstances M.A. theses for exceptionally well-qualified students are approved. Students may petition for authorization to write an M.A. thesis only after completion of six courses applicable toward the degree. It is the student's responsibility to choose an appropriate topic and find a professor to direct the thesis. After completion of the thesis, the student must pass a two-hour oral examination testing knowledge of the field of the thesis and general competence. Only those students who attain a high pass on the examination are automatically eligible for admission to the Ph.D. program.
The UCLA Master of Arts in Romance Linguistics and Literature or the UCLA Master or Arts in French, Italian, Portuguese, or Spanish, or equivalent is required, A strong academic record (normally a grade-point average of 3.4 or better), three letters of recommendation and the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test (normally a combined verbal/quantitative score of 1,100 or better) are required.
Formal application is required of all candidates. Applicants who have completed the UCLA M.A. degree in Romance Linguistics and Literature with distinction (high pass) are automatically eligible for admission to the Ph.D. program; those who received middle pass are reviewed like candidates from other institutions; those who received low pass are ineligible for admission. Students whose M.A. program registers deficiencies in scope or quality may be admitted but are required to pass (with grades of B or better) three graduate courses approved by the chair.
Following formal admission, students form a guidance committee in consultation with the chair. Students then meet as soon as possible with their guidance committee to work out a program of courses and set a tentative date for the qualifying examinations. The guidance committee has final authority to prescribe the course of study. Until students have met with this committee and placed themselves under its direction, they are not officially in the Ph.D. program.
The program recognizes two fields of specialization: linguistics or literature.
Linguistics. (1) The present-day grammar of the Romance language of major interest and its relation to the grammar of its sister languages and to language in general, (2) the development of the Romance language of major interest in relation to its sister languages (and possibly other interrelated cultural aspects) from the perspective of historical linguistics, (3) the genetic and typological relationships of the Romance languages to other Indo-European languages and to language in general. The two minors may be other Romance languages, or one other Romance language plus a field of Romance literature.
Literature. One of the following in the literatures of at least two Romance languages: (1) early Romance literature and philology; (2) Renaissance and baroque; (3) modern literature, preferably with emphasis in one century.
The first minor may be one of the preceding fields not chosen for the major. The second minor may be the same field or a new field in another Romance language, or some other related field in the major language or in Romance linguistics.
In each of the two specializations (linguistics or literature) the Ph.D. program consists of a major and two minors. The courses (a minimum program) are distributed as follows: major --five courses; first minor -- three courses; second minor -- two courses. At least one seminar is required in each of the three fields. In addition to those required for the master's degree (or equivalent), at least 10 other graduate courses (of which no more than two 596 courses may be applied), as well as such courses as the guidance committee may prescribe, are required. Linguistics 20 is required as a prerequisite for all students majoring in the linguistics field but is not counted as part of the total number of courses required for the degree.
The qualifying examinations, given by the doctoral committee during the Fall, Winter, and Spring Quarters, consist of (1) a three-hour written examination in the major field; (2) a two-hour examination in the first minor; (3) a one-hour examination in the second minor; and (4) a two-hour University Oral Qualifying Examination in the three fields, at which time the prospectus for the dissertation is also discussed and approved. Failed portions of the examination may be repeated once after any remedial preparation the committee may specify.
The dissertation may be on any subject within the general area of Romance linguistics and literature. If more than five calendar years elapse between advancement to candidacy and the presentation of the dissertation, the program may require revalidation of the qualifying examinations.
204A-204B. Romance Syntax: French (1 to 4 units each). Lecture, three hours. Prerequisites: Linguistics 120B, 200B, consent of instructor. Course 204A is prerequisite to 204B. Structure of French from point of view of contemporary syntactic theory, with emphasis on considerations of comparative syntax with other Romance languages. Topics include verbal/auxiliary system; WH-movement and Complementizer system; clitic constructions, causatives, inversion phenomena; quantifier distribution; impersonal constructions; negation and subjunctive. S/U or letter grading.
211. Comparative Romance Syntax. Lecture, three hours. Prerequisite: French 210A or Portuguese 204A or Spanish 204A or consent of instructor. Comparative study of syntactic processes in Romance languages. Investigation of parameters underlying linguistic variation.
255. Topics in Romance Syntax (1 to 4 units). Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Topics in syntax of Romance languages, with emphasis on recent development in comparative studies; theoretical innovations based on Romance syntax.
596. Directed Individual Study or Research (4 to 8 units). Prerequisite: consent of instructor and program chair. Study or research in areas or on subjects not offered as regular courses. Eight units may be applied toward M.A. degree requirements. S/U grading.
597. Preparation for Graduate Examinations (4 to 12 units). Prerequisite: consent of graduate adviser. Individual preparation for M.A. comprehensive examination or Ph.D. qualifying examinations. May be taken only once for each degree examination and only in term that comprehensive or qualifying examinations are to be taken. S/U grading.
598. Research for M.A. Thesis (2 to 12 units). Prerequisite: consent of guidance committee. Research in preparation of M.A. thesis. S/U grading.
599. Research for Ph.D. Dissertation (2 to 12 units). Prerequisite: successful completion of Ph.D. qualifying examinations. Research for and preparation of Ph.D. dissertation. S/U grading.
In consultation with the appropriate adviser(s), courses should be selected with an eye to the organic relationship between them, preferably among those listed below and/or their prerequisites:
Italian 201. Bibliography and Methods of Research
Spanish M200. Research Resources
Grammatical Theory: Linguistics 201. Phonological Theory II
206. Syntactic Theory II
Hispano-Romance: Spanish M205A-M205B. Development of Portuguese and Spanish Languages
Indo-European: Indo-European Studies 210. Indo-European Linguistics: Advanced Course
280A-280B. Seminars: Indo-European Linguistics
Italic Dialects: Latin 242. Italic Dialects and Latin Historical Grammar
Italo-Romance: Italian 222A. History of the Italian Language
Latin History: Latin 240. History of the Latin Language
Medieval Latin: Latin 231A-231B. Seminars: Medieval Latin
Northern Gallo-Romance: French 210A. Phonology and Morphology from Vulgar Latin to French Classicism
210B. Syntax and Semantics from Vulgar Latin to French Classicism
Paleography: History 219A-219B. Paleography I, II
Romance Dialectology: Italian 222C. Italian Dialectology
Spanish 209. Dialectology
Romance Linguistics: Linguistics 225G. Linguistic Structures
Vulgar Latin: Latin 232. Vulgar Latin
Gallo-Romance: French 214. Problematics of Medieval Language and Literature
Hispano-Romance: Spanish M251A-M251B. Studies in Galegan-Portuguese and Old Spanish
Italo-Romance: Italian 210. Studies in Early Italian Literature
222A-222B-222C. Studies in History of Italian Language
Advanced Grammar: French 201. Literary Research and Composition
Italian 222B. Structure of Modern Italian
Portuguese 202. Synchronic Morphology and Phonology
204A-204B. Generative Grammar
Spanish 202A. Phonology
204A-204B. Generative Syntax and Semantics
Studies in Linguistics and Dialectology: Spanish 256A-256B. Studies in Spanish Linguistics
257. Studies in Dialectology
History of Ideas: French 260A-260B. Studies in History of Ideas
Literary Criticism: French 202. Historical and Philosophical Background to French Literary Criticism
203. Contemporary Theories
258A-258B. Studies in Literary Criticism
Italian 205A-205B. Studies in Criticism
Spanish M201A-M201B. Literary Theory and Criticism
Literary History: History 218. Medieval Latin Literary History
Philosophy and Literature: French 259A-259B. Studies in Philosophy and Literature
Petrarca: Italian 214C. Studies in Medieval Literature: Petrarca's Canzoniere
251. Seminar: Petrarch
Studies in Early Romance Literature: French 215A-215D. Medieval Literature
250A. Major Medieval Texts
250B. Structures of Medieval Literature
250C. Problems in Medieval Literature
Italian 210. Studies in Early Italian Literature
214A-214F. Studies in Medieval Literature
215A-215B. Studies in 15th-Century Literature
250A-250D. Seminars: Dante
252. Seminar: Boccaccio
Portuguese C224. Early Portuguese Literature
Spanish 222. Medieval Epic and Narrative Poetry
223. Medieval Prose
262A-262B. Studies in Medieval Spanish Literature
Genre Studies: Portuguese 252. Studies in Early Portuguese Literature
253. Studies in Modern Portuguese Literature
254. Studies in Early Brazilian Literature
255. Studies in Modern Brazilian Literature
Studies in the 18th Century: French 218A-218B-218C. 18th Century
254A-254B. Studies in the 18th Century
Italian 218A-218D. Studies in 18th-Century Literature
256A-256B. Seminars: 18th Century
Portuguese C227. 19th-Century Portuguese Literature
C232. 19th-Century Brazilian Literature and Culture
Spanish 229. Romanticism
239. Romanticism and Realism in Spanish-American Literature
270A-270B. Studies in 18th-Century Spanish Literature
277A-277B. Studies in Colonial Spanish-American Literature
Studies in the 19th Century: French 219A-219D. 19th Century
255A-255B. Studies in the 19th Century
Italian 219A-219D. Studies in 19th-Century Literature
257A-257B. Seminars: Romanticism
Portuguese C228. Post-Romanticism and Naturalism in Portuguese Literature
Spanish 230. Realism and Naturalism
271A-271B. Studies in 19th-Century Spanish Literature
278A-278B. Studies in 19th-Century Spanish-American Literature
Studies in the 20th Century: French 220A-220D. 20th Century
221A-221B-221C. French-African Literature
256A-256B. Studies in Contemporary Literature
257A-257B. Studies in French-African Literature
Italian 220. Studies in Turn-of-the-Century Literature
221A-221E. Studies in 20th-Century Literature
258A-258B. Seminars: Contemporary Italian Literature
Portuguese C229. 20th-Century Portuguese Literature
C234. Brazilian Modernism
C235. 20th-Century Brazilian Literature
Spanish 232. Spanish Prose Literature from 1898 to the Civil War
233. Spanish Prose Literature after the Civil War
234. Spanish Drama and Poetry from 1898 to the Civil War
235. Spanish Drama and Poetry after the Civil War
240. Major Currents in Modern Spanish-American Literature
243A-243B. Contemporary Spanish-American Poetry
244A-244B. Contemporary Spanish-American Novel
245. Contemporary Spanish-American Essay
272A-272B. Studies in 20th-Century Spanish Literature
280A-280B. Studies in Contemporary Spanish-American Literature
Cervantes: Spanish 227. Cervantes
Studies in Renaissance and Baroque Literature: French 216A-216B-216C. Renaissance
217A-217D. 17th Century
251A-251B. Studies in the Renaissance
252A-252B. Studies in the Baroque
253A-253B. Studies in the 17th Century
Italian 216A-216E. Studies in the Renaissance
217. Studies in 17th-Century Literature
253A-253B-253C. Seminars: Chivalric Poetry in Italy
255A-255B. Seminars: Baroque
Portuguese C225. Camões and the Portuguese Renaissance
C226. Baroque and Neoclassical Portuguese Literature
C231. Colonial Brazilian Literature and Culture
Spanish 224. Poetry of the Golden Age
225. Drama of the Golden Age
226. Prose of the Golden Age
237. Literature of the Spanish Conquest
264A-264B. Studies in Golden Age Spanish Literature