• M4. Introduction to History of Religions

    Units: 5

    (Same as History M4.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Comparative study of eight major religious traditions, with emphasis on their beginnings and subsequent decisive changes in their respective historical developments and interactions. Equips students with intellectual tools necessary for thinking analytically, empathetically, and comparatively about fascinating human phenomena identified as religious, such as sacred acts, places, words, and persons in their varied historical contexts. Development of student skills in critical thinking, analyzing documents, and making persuasive arguments based on historical evidence. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M10. Social, Cultural, and Religious Institutions of Judaism

    Units: 5

    (Same as Jewish Studies M10.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Judaism's basic beliefs, institutions, and practices. Topics include development of biblical and rabbinic Judaism; concepts of god, sin, repentance, prayer, and the messiah; history of Talmud and synagogue; evolution of folk beliefs and year-cycle and life-cycle practices. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 11. Religion in Los Angeles

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Introduction to varieties of religious experience in Los Angeles and its environs. Presentations, required readings, and (where possible) site visits to examine selected faiths and spiritual practices throughout Southern California and provide deeper understanding of myriad ways that sacred is made manifest and encountered. Foundational academic orientations within study of religion (anthropological, historical, psychological, sociological, etc.) used as framework to examine and interpret almost unparalleled religious diversity of City of Angels. Recognizing that spiritual traditions are crucial reflection of region's ever-changing demographics, emphasis on role of ethnicity, gender, nationality, and race in shaping of religious landscape. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

  • M40. Christianities East and West

    Units: 5

    (Same as Slavic M40.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Survey of three major historical branches of Christianity -- Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism, contrasting how history, dogma, culture, and community structures develop in those three traditions. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M50. Origins of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

    Units: 5

    (Same as Ancient Near East M50B and Middle Eastern Studies M50B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Examination of three major monotheisms of Western cultures -- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam -- historically and comparatively. Development, teachings, and ritual practices of each tradition up to and including medieval period. Composition and development of various sacred texts, highlighting key themes and ideas within different historical and literary strata of traditions, such as mechanisms of revelation, struggle for religious authority, and common theological issues such as origin of evil and status of nonbelievers. Letter grading.

  • M60A. Introduction to Buddhism

    Units: 5

    (Same as Asian M60.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Not open for credit to students with credit for course M60W. Knowledge of Asian languages not required. General survey of development of Buddhism in India, with focus on those religious doctrines and meditative practices most essential to various Asian traditions of Buddhism. Letter grading.

  • M60B. Introduction to Chinese Religions

    Units: 5

    (Same as Chinese M60.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Not open for credit to students with credit for course M61W. Knowledge of Chinese not required. General survey of religious life in China, with emphasis on everyday religious practice over doctrine, and themes common to Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M60C. Introduction to Korean Religions

    Units: 5

    (Same as Korean M60.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Knowledge of Asian languages not required. General survey of history of religions in Korea -- Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Christianity, Tonghak, and some new religions -- with focus on religious doctrines, practices, Korean characteristics, and social impacts. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M60D. Religion in Classical India: Introduction

    Units: 5

    (Same as South Asian M60.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to religions of classical India -- Vedic, Brahmanical, Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist -- paying equal attention to change and continuity, with emphasis on chronological development. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M60E. Religious Traditions in Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    (Same as Southeast Asian M60.) Lecture, three hours. Introduction to historical development and contemporary practice of religions in Southeast Asia. Examination of indigenous religious beliefs and major textually based religions introduced to region, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M60W. Introduction to Buddhism

    Units: 5

    (Same as Asian M60W.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3 or 3H or English as a Second Language 36. Not open for credit to students with credit for course M60A. Knowledge of Asian languages not required. General survey of Buddhist worldview and lifestyle, with focus on those religious doctrines and meditative practices most essential to various Asian traditions of Buddhism. Particular attention to problems involved in study of religion. Satisfies Writing II requirement. Letter grading.

  • M61. Introduction to Zen Buddhism

    Units: 5

    (Same as Asian M61.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Knowledge of Asian languages not required. Introduction to Zen traditions and to interplay between Zen and other fundamental cultural and religious concerns in East Asia. Topics include role of Zen within Buddhist thought and practice, artistic and literary arts, society, and daily life. Letter grading.

  • M61W. Introduction to Chinese Religions

    Units: 5

    (Same as Chinese M60W.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3 or 3H or English as a Second Language 36. Not open for credit to students with credit for course M60B. Knowledge of Chinese not required. General survey of religious life in China, with emphasis on everyday religious practice over doctrine, and themes common to Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. Satisfies Writing II requirement. Letter grading.

  • 89. Honors Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to lower division lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 89HC. Honors Contracts

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to lower division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

  • 99. Student Research Program

    Units: 1 to 2

    Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.

  • 101. History of Study of Religion

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Recommended requisite: History 4. Survey of major modern theories, methods, and approaches to study of religion to situate them within their own historical, philosophical, and social contexts. Critical consideration of changing and contested meanings of term religion and its relationship to such categories as science and magic, as well as to other domains of social experience. Examination of how study of religion has interacted with other academic fields, especially biblical studies, anthropology, sociology, psychology, and evolutionary biology. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M105A. Baha'i Faith in Iran: Historical and Sociological Survey

    Units: 4

    (Same as Iranian M105A.) Lecture, three hours. Readings in English. Rise and development of Babi and Baha'i religions in context of 19th century Iran. Focus on personalities of Bab, Baha'u'llah, and 'Abdu'l-baha. May be taken independently for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M105B. Baha'i Faith in Iran: Survey of Baha'i Scriptures and Thought

    Units: 4

    (Same as Iranian M105B.) Lecture, three hours. Readings in English. Analysis of major writings by Bab, Baha'u'llah, and 'Abdu'l-Baha. Emphasis on mystical and social principles. May be taken independently for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M105C. Baha'i Faith in Iran: 20th Century Iran and the Baha'is

    Units: 4

    (Same as Iranian M105C.) Lecture, three hours. Readings in English. Focus on history of 20th-century Iran beginning with constitutional revolution, development and persecution of Baha'i community, and latter's relation to reform movements in Iran. May be taken independently for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M106A. Premodern Islam

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M106.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of early development of Islam with special attention to doctrine of nature of God, human responsibility, guidance, revelation and religious authority, duties of believers, ritual, law, sectarian movements, mysticism, and popular religion. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M107. Islam in West

    Units: 5

    (Same as Arabic M107 and Islamic Studies M107.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Acquisition of understanding of basic doctrines and practices of Islam. Survey of history of Islam in West, with focus on U.S. and France. Analysis of issues relevant to growth and development of selected Muslim communities in West. Exposure to diverse expressions of Islam through independent research on Muslim communities and institutions in U.S. Development of strong analytical writing and speaking skills. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M108. Qur'an

    Units: 4

    (Same as Arabic M106.) Lecture, three hours. How Qur'an as scripture shapes Muslim doctrine, rituals, and culture, and how throughout history Muslims have determined interpretations and applications of Qur'anic doctrines and prescriptions. Critical evaluation and analysis of contemporary discourses on Islam. Letter grading.

  • M109. Introduction to Islam

    Units: 5

    (Same as Islamic Studies M110.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Genesis of Islam, its doctrines, and practices, with readings from Qur'an and Hadith; schools of law and theology; piety and Sufism; reform and modernism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 110. Religion and Violence

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exploration of capacity of religion to mobilize and legitimate violence. Materials include theoretical texts by Rene Girard, Walter Burkert, Jonathan Z. Smith, and David Rapoport and case studies dealing with religion and violence in India, Northern Ireland, Egypt, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Sri Lanka, and the U.S. Letter grading.

  • 120. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Comparative Approach

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Introduction to analysis of complex relationship of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam as living traditions whose historical origins, current interactions, and future development continue to shape spiritual, cultural, political, and social aspects of human civilization in 21st century. Letter grading.

  • M132. Ancient Egyptian Religion

    Units: 5

    (Same as Ancient Near East M130.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to religious beliefs, practices, and sentiments of ancient Egypt to study Egyptian religion as coherent system of thought and sphere of action that once served as meaningful and relevant framework for understanding physical reality and human life for inhabitants of Nile Valley. General principles as well as developments through time (circa 3000 B.C. to 300 C.E.). Topics include mythology, temple and cult, magic, and personal piety. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M133. Bible and Qur'an

    Units: 4

    (Same as Middle Eastern Studies M133.) Lecture, three hours. Survey of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, New Testament, and Qur'an to familiarize students with content of scriptures of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and sociocultural background from which these multifarious texts emerged, and to explore major themes and consider variety of approaches to scripture. Development of appreciation for role scripture plays in these religious systems and in American culture and society. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M135. Religion in Ancient Israel

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M135.) Lecture, three hours. Introductory survey of various ancient Israelite religious beliefs and practices, their origin, and development, with special attention to diversity of religious practice in ancient Israel and Canaan during 1st millennium B.C.E. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 140. Undergraduate Seminar: Study of Religion

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Interdisciplinary approach to some major topics in study of religion, such as religion and politics, mysticism, ideas of revelation, myth and religion, worship and ritual. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M142C. History of Religion in U.S.

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M142C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Consideration of religious dimension of people's experience in U.S. Examination of number of religious traditions that have been important in this country, with emphasis on relating developments in religion to other aspects of American culture. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 150. Women, Gender, and Religion

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Investigation and consideration of roles, status, and representations of women and gender in one or more religious traditions. Examination of how cultural conceptions of gender as well as social realities (as far as they can be known) for women and men in particular historical periods shape and are shaped by these religious traditions, including discussions regarding ritual practices, spirituality, sexuality, sexual renunciation, religious authority, marriage and family life, fertility, conceptions of body, public life, and/or literary representations of gender (including those of divine). Variety of approaches to be employed, including feminist, literary, historical, sociological, and anthropological. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M155. Jewish Mysticism, Magic, and Kabbalah

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M155.) Lecture, three hours. Exploration of types of Jewish mystical thought and practice from Hebrew Bible to medieval Kabbalah and its modern offshoots. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 160. Religion, Film, and Media

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Examination of complex relationship between religious traditions and various media (e.g., print, film, photography, television, radio, and electronic) as they have intersected in specific historical and cultural contexts. Illumination of role of media in forming and expressing religious ideas, practices, and identities. Topics may include representations of religious groups, visual and aural piety, identity formation, interreligious conflict, religious education, and use of media technologies for propaganda or proselytizing purposes. Historical, sociological, and anthropological approaches used in concert with various methodologies current within media studies. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M161A. Chinese Buddhism

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chinese CM160.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Knowledge of Chinese not required. Introduction and development of Buddhism in China, interaction between Buddhism and Chinese culture, rise of Chinese schools of Buddhism. Letter grading.

  • M161B. Japanese Buddhism

    Units: 4

    (Same as Japanese CM160.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Knowledge of Japanese not required. Development of Buddhism in Japan in its cultural context, with emphasis on key ideas and teachings. Letter grading.

  • M161C. Korean Buddhism

    Units: 4

    (Same as Korean CM160.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Knowledge of Korean not required. Introduction and development of Buddhism in Korea, interactions between indigenous Korean culture and Sinitic traditions of Buddhism, Korean syntheses of imported Buddhist theological systems and meditative techniques, and independent Son (Zen) schools of Korea. Letter grading.

  • M161D. Buddhism in India

    Units: 4

    (Same as South Asian CM160.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Knowledge of Indian languages not required. Overview of social and doctrinal history of Buddhism from its origin to its disappearance in India, based not only on texts but on archaeological, art historical, and inscriptional sources. Examination of both formal doctrine and actual practices and on what learned Buddhists wrote and ordinary Buddhists did, saw, and made. Letter grading.

  • M172. Introduction to Biblical Studies

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M170.) Lecture, three hours. Knowledge of original languages not required. Bible (Old and New Testaments) as book. Canon, text, and versions. Linguistic, literary, historical, and religious approaches to Bible study. Survey of history of interpretation from antiquity to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M173C. Shinto, Buddhism, and Japanese Folk Religion

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M173C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Social dimension of various Ways, great and little: Shinto's connection with cultural nationalism, Buddhism's medieval Reformation and Zen's relation to warrior culture, folk religious aspects such as shamanism, ancestor worship, and millenarianism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M174D. Indo-Islamic Interactions, 700 to 1750

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M174D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Historical introduction to Muslim communities of what eventually became nations of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Topics include social, political, religious, and cultural history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M174E. Indo-Islamic Interactions, 1750 to 1950

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M174E.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of interplay of factors that, from Christian missionaries to Islamic madrasa schools and colonial rebellions, gave shape to multifaceted Muslim reformation in context of colonial modernity. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M175. Topics in Philosophy of Religion

    Units: 4

    (Same as Philosophy M175.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisite: Philosophy 21 or 22. Intensive investigation of one or two topics or works in philosophy of religion, such as attributes of God, arguments for or against existence of God, or relation between religion and ethics. Topics announced each term. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor.

  • 177. Variable Topics in Religion

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Interdisciplinary approach to some major topics in study of religion, such as religion and science, religion and society, politics, mysticism, ideas of revelation, scripture, myth and religion, worship and ritual. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M178. Variable Topics

    Units: 4

    (Same as Middle Eastern Studies M178.) Seminar, three hours. Interdisciplinary approach to some major topics in study of religion and Middle Eastern studies. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 180. Religion and Modern Critical Thought

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Examination of how various traditions of modern critical thought inform academic study of religion, with primary focus on philosophical analysis of religious belief and practice and its relation to other areas of theoretical discussion, such as philosophy of language, discourse analysis, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, practice theory, and political theory. Topics may include nature of religious experience and its epistemic status, embodiment and religious self, relationship between knowledge, faith, and doubt, nature and function of religious language, relationship between science and religion, religious belief and standards of rational discourse, theoretical approaches to problems of religious diversity and competing truth claims, formation of religious and secular in modernity. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M182A. Ancient Jewish History

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M182A and Jewish Studies M182A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of social, political, and religious developments. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M182B. Medieval Jewish History

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M182B and Jewish Studies M182B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of unfolding of Jewish history from rise of Christianity to expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M184A. Jewish Civilization: Encounter with Great World Cultures

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M184A and Jewish Studies M184A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of dynamic and millennia-old interaction of Jews with great world cultures. Creative adaptations that have lent Jewish culture its distinct and various forms. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M185D. Religions of Ancient Near East

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M185D and History M185D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Main polytheistic systems of ancient Near East, with emphasis on Mesopotamia and Syria and with reference to religion of ancient Israel: varying concepts of divinity, hierarchies of gods, prayer and cult, magics, wisdom, and moral conduct. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M186A. History of Early Christians

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M185F.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Christian movement from its origins to circa 160 C.E., stressing its continuity/discontinuity with Judaism, various responses to Jesus of Nazareth, writings produced during this period, movement's encounters with its religious, social, and political world, and methods of research. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M186B. Religious Environment of Early Christians

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M185G.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Rich variety in religious practice and thought in Mediterranean world of 1st century C.E. as in context of developing Christian movement. Topics include Pharisees, Qumran, Philo, Stoics, Epicureans, traditional Greek and Roman religions, mysteries, astrology, magic, gnosticism, and emperor-worship. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M186C. Jesus of Nazareth in Historical Research

    Units: 4

    (Same as History M185I.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course M185F. Designed for juniors/seniors. Stimulated by significant post-Enlightenment historical evaluations, students are led into firsthand knowledge (in translation) of various multilayered sources for reconstruction of life, teaching, and initial impact of Jesus of Nazareth in his social, economic, political, and religious contexts. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 189. Advanced Honors Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 189HC. Honors Contracts

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

  • 191. Variable Topics Research Seminars: Study of Religion

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Preparation: completion of preparation for major courses and at least half of upper division courses required for major (including theory and method courses). Designed for senior majors. Seminar on central method and/or theme in study of religion. Refinement and integration of this knowledge by means of close reading and analysis of primary documents, debating contested issues, and researching and writing original paper. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 198. Honors Research in Religion

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Development and completion of 40-page honors thesis under direct supervision of faculty member. Must be taken twice to receive departmental honors program credit. Individual contract required. May be repeated for maximum of 12 units. Letter grading.

  • 199. Directed Research in Study of Religion

    Units: 2 to 4

    Tutorial, one hour. Limited to juniors/seniors. Supervised individual research under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper or project required. Twelve units may be applied toward major. Individual contract required. Letter grading.