• 19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

  • 99. Student Research Program

    Units: 1 to 2

    Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.

  • 100. Introduction to Health Policy and Management

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Preparation: 4 units of social sciences. Structure and function of American healthcare system; issues and forces shaping its future. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M110. Ethnic, Cultural, and Gender Issues in America's Healthcare Systems

    Units: 4

    (Same as Asian American Studies M161.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to study of gender, ethnicity, and cultural diversity related to health status and healthcare delivery in U.S. Letter grading.

  • C121. Tobacco: Prevention, Use, and Public Policy

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of tobacco use and its health consequences, including interplay of historical, biological, sociocultural, political, and economic forces with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior choices of individuals. Introduction to prevention interventions, cessation interventions, anti-tobacco efforts in U.S., and international trends in tobacco use. Concurrently scheduled with course C221. Letter grading.

  • 140. Foundations of Maternal and Child Health

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Introduction to field of maternal and child health, with focus on major issues affecting health and well-being of children and families over life course. Emphasis on health, prevention, and supportive programs at different stages of child's life; application of life course health development framework to understand health disparities and implications for policy and practice. Letter grading.

  • M168. Healthcare for American Indians

    Units: 4

    (Same as American Indian Studies CM168.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Identification of traditional health beliefs, health practices, and healthcare systems of American Indian tribes to understand role of U.S. government in healthcare services for Indian people. Description of health problems that have affected American Indian people and definition of contemporary health issues and measures taken to raise health status of American Indian people. Letter grading.

  • 188SA. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced corequisite: Honors Collegium 101E. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor to discuss selected USIE seminar topic, conduct preparatory research, and begin preparation of syllabus. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

  • 188SB. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced requisite: course 188SA. Enforced corequisite: Honors Collegium 101E. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor to finalize course syllabus. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

  • 188SC. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators

    Units: 2

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced requisite: course 188SB. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor while facilitating USIE 88S course. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

  • 197. Individual Studies in Health Services

    Units: 2 to 4

    Tutorial, four hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Individual intensive study, with scheduled meetings between faculty member and student. Assigned reading and tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 200A. Health Systems Organization and Financing

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Limited to graduate health services students. In-depth analysis of health services systems in U.S., using relevant theories, concepts, and models. S/U or letter grading.

  • 200B. Health Systems Organization and Financing

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Limited to graduate health services students. In-depth analysis of health services systems in U.S., using relevant theories, concepts, and models. S/U or letter grading.

  • M202. Qualitative Research Design and Methodology for Indigenous Communities

    Units: 5

    (Same as American Indian Studies M202 and Nursing M221.) Seminar, three hours. Introduction to some key theoretical themes in American Indian studies and exploration of methods that can be used to incorporate them in research on American Indian cultures, societies, languages, and other issues. Quantitative methods (design, appropriate use), with emphasis on qualitative research methods, ethics, and special considerations in conducting research in American Indian country. Design of research and exploration of feasibility of researching topics. Letter grading.

  • 203A. Applied Microeconomics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisite: Mathematics 3A or 3B or 31A. Course 203A is requisite to 203B. Basic concepts of microeconomics, with emphasis on their application to actual situations and their use in problem solving and focus on theory of choice. Extensive use of differential calculus. Letter grading.

  • 203B. Applied Microeconomics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: course 203A and one course from Mathematics 3A, 3B, or 31A. Basic concepts of microeconomics, with emphasis on their application to actual situations and their use in problem solving and focus on theories of firms and markets. Extensive use of differential calculus. Letter grading.

  • M204A. Seminar: Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy

    Units: 1

    (Same as Economics M204L.) Seminar, three hours every other week. Requisite: course M236. Limited to graduate public health and economics students. Various topics in economics of pharmaceutical industry, including rates of innovation, drug regulation, and economic impact of pharmaceuticals. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of courses M204B and M204C).

  • M204B. Seminar: Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy

    Units: 1

    (Same as Economics M204M.) Seminar, three hours every other week. Requisite: course M236. Limited to graduate public health and economics students. Various topics in economics of pharmaceutical industry, including rates of innovation, drug regulation, and economic impact of pharmaceuticals. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course M204C).

  • M204C. Seminar: Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy

    Units: 2

    (Same as Economics M204N.) Seminar, three hours every other week. Requisite: course M236. Limited to graduate public health and economics students. Various topics in economics of pharmaceutical industry, including rates of innovation, drug regulation, and economic impact of pharmaceuticals. Letter grading.

  • 205. Pharmaceutical Policy

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Policy issues pertaining to pharmaceutical sector. Topics include determinants of expenditures on drugs, price setting in industry, health insurance coverage for pharmaceuticals, and research and development process. Letter grading.

  • 206. Healthcare for Vulnerable Populations

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Overview of health services issues associated with organization, financing, and delivery of healthcare services to vulnerable populations within domestic and international contexts to gain understanding of social, political, economic, and cultural issues that lead to disparities in access, quality, and cost of healthcare services that lead to vulnerability for particular population groups. Introduction to strategies that have been adopted to address these health disparities. Analysis and development of policy and management options that serve needs of vulnerable populations within healthcare system. Letter grading.

  • 207. Current Topics in Health Services: Practice and Policy Perspectives

    Units: 2

    Seminar, two hours. Required of Dr.P.H. students. Examination and discussion of current health services topics in various practice sectors, with focus on organizational leadership and direction in addressing these issues. Journal club discussions of relevant scientific literature, presentations of dissertation work by advanced Dr.P.H. students, and interactive lectures/discussions by professionals in public health practice and healthcare management. S/U or letter grading.

  • 214. Measurements of Effectiveness and Outcomes of Healthcare

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B, M422, Biostatistics 100A. Historical perspective for development of health status measures and their utilization in assessment of outcomes and effectiveness in medical care. Review of current methods in context of current research and practice. Letter grading.

  • 215A. Healthcare Quality and Performance Management

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Preparation: completion of summer internship requirement. Management and operations of individual units and organizations of American healthcare system. Exploration of ways in which they actually function and how to ensure their quality and effectiveness. Examination of roles, activities, and daily challenges of managers and how these challenges can best be met on day-to-day basis. Emphasis on applied practice with intent being improvement of student managerial competencies and on development of skills to manage operational processes in delivery of health services, primarily directed to improving effectiveness, efficiency, performance, and quality of healthcare services. Quality improvement (QI) techniques such as performance measurement, rapid cycle testing, breakthrough series, and interorganizational collaboration benefit quality and productivity. Letter grading.

  • 215B. Applied Methods for Improvement/Implementation Science

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Enforced requisite: course 215A. Planning and management of improvement programs in current work of students and future roles as change agents and leaders of healthcare systems. Training in skills and analytic methods for applying improvement science in clinical settings and health systems. Completion of improvement projects that demonstrate student competence in improvement science. Emphasis on case studies and applications so students gain skills in improvement project design and implementation. Analyses of cases, individual improvement projects, and class discussions to allow students to apply this knowledge to organizational examples. Letter grading.

  • 216. Special Topics in Health Services: Quality Assessment and Assurance

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Fundamental issues in quality assessment, quality assurance, and measurement of health status. S/U or letter grading.

  • 217. Evidence-Based Medicine and Organizational Change

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B, M422. Designed for graduate students in public health or other health sciences disciplines. Participation of students in critical review and discussion of selected papers dealing with course topics, including clinical trials, meta-analysis, small and large area variations in care, and development and implementation of clinical guidelines. Emphasis on implications for health policy. Letter grading.

  • C221. Tobacco: Prevention, Use, and Public Policy

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered CM221.) Lecture, four hours. Designed for juniors/seniors and graduate students. Study of tobacco use and its health consequences, including interplay of historical, biological, sociocultural, political, and economic forces with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior choices of individuals. Introduction to prevention interventions, cessation interventions, anti-tobacco efforts in U.S., and international trends in tobacco use. Concurrently scheduled with course C121. Letter grading.

  • 225A. Health Services Research Design

    Units: 6

    Lecture, four hours; laboratory, two hours. Limited to departmental M.S. and Ph.D. students. Introduction to scope of health services research, conceptualization and design of health services research, choice and assessment of measures for such research, and methods for studies involving direct data collection. Broad overview to conducting health services research, alternative research paradigms, building conceptual models of what students are trying to study, designing and testing measures, and direct data collection issues of survey and questionnaire design, sampling, community engagement, and research ethics. Letter grading.

  • 225B. Health Services Research Design

    Units: 6

    Lecture, four hours; laboratory, two hours. Requisite: course 225A. Limited to departmental M.S. and Ph.D. students. Development of conceptual models for health services research, identification and use of secondary data sources, study design, and its operationalization through regression models. Letter grading.

  • 225C. Research Methods for Improvement/Implementation Science

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Enforced requisite: course 215A or 215B. Design and implementation of studies of dynamic interventions, including improvement initiatives and pragmatic clinical trials. Provides skills in research methods for improvement and implementation studies in clinical settings (including community-based settings) and health systems. Completion of improvement research projects that demonstrate student competence in design and implementation. Fundamentals in research design and methods for conducting rigorous inferential evaluation in real world of implementation science, with emphasis on methods for generalizing results of improvement and implementation studies involving dynamic testing. Emphasis on case studies and applications so students gain skills in design and implementation. Letter grading.

  • 226A. Readings in Health Services Research

    Units: 2

    Seminar, two hours. Limited to departmental M.S. and Ph.D. students. Introduction to research literature in health services research, including literature on key conceptual models, classic empirical studies, and current research illustrating cutting-edge methods or findings. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 226B).

  • 226B. Readings in Health Services Research

    Units: 2

    Seminar, two hours. Limited to departmental M.S. and Ph.D. students. Introduction to research literature in health services research, including literature on key conceptual models, classic empirical studies, and current research illustrating cutting-edge methods or findings. S/U grading.

  • 227A. Special Topics in Health Services: Current Research Issues

    Units: 2 to 4

    Seminar, two hours. Designed for doctoral students. Review of articles in health services journals nominated as best published during 1990. Analysis of articles to determine contribution to theory, methods, and/or implications for management or policy in health services organizations or health services as field. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

  • 227B. Special Topics in Health Services: Seminar Series

    Units: 2 to 4

    Seminar, two hours. Designed for doctoral students. Presentation of proposed or ongoing research projects by faculty members and students, with discussion to determine relevant methodological and policy issues, as well as to offer constructive criticism. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

  • 230. Principles of Organization Leadership

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Designed for graduate students. Examination of principles and models of organization leadership, including presentation by current leaders in fields of health and welfare. Theories and empirical investigations of leadership qualities. Letter grading.

  • 231. History of Public Health

    Units: 4

    Discussion, three hours. Designed for doctoral students. Emphasis on topics which illuminate current issues in public health policy. Discussion of historical perspectives on healthcare providers, healthcare institutions, healthcare reform movements, public health activities, childbirth, and AIDS. S/U or letter grading.

  • 232. Leadership Capstone Seminar

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Preparation: completion of summer internship requirement. Designed for graduate students completing their master's training in health management and health policy. Examination of leaders and leadership in healthcare and other organizations to provide broad introduction to literature on skills, behaviors, and characteristics of organizational leaders. Relationship and importance of vision, values, change, strategy, and communication. Identification of characteristics of successful leaders. Students evaluate their own leadership style and identify opportunities to further develop their leadership abilities. Letter grading.

  • M233. Health Policy Analysis

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M252.) Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 100 or 200A, M236, M287. Conceptual and procedural tools for analysis of health policy, emphasizing role of analysis during various phases of lifecycle of public policy. Letter grading.

  • 234. Health Services Organization and Management Theory

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Preparation: two upper division social sciences courses. Requisite: course 100. Application of contemporary organization and management theory to systems that provide personal healthcare services. Environmental characteristics, missions/goals, structure, and processes of health services organizations. S/U or letter grading.

  • 235. Law, Social Change, and Health Service Policy

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Preparation: two upper division political science or sociology courses. Requisite: course 100. Legal issues affecting policy formulation for environmental, preventive, and curative health service programs. S/U or letter grading.

  • M236. Microeconomic Theory of Health Sector

    Units: 4

    (Same as Public Policy M268.) Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Preparation: intermediate microeconomics. Requisite: Biostatistics 100A. Microeconomic aspects of healthcare system, including health manpower substitution, choice of efficient modes of treatment, market efficiency, and competition. Letter grading.

  • 237A. Special Topics in Health Services Research Methodology

    Units: 6

    Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Requisite: Biostatistics 200A. Approaches to conceptualization, modeling, design, literature reviews, sampling, data collection, and research. Development of health services research proposal required. Letter grading.

  • 237B. Special Topics in Health Services Research Methodology

    Units: 6

    Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Requisites: Biostatistics 200A, and 200B or 201. Introduction to multivariate analysis techniques in health services research. Model specification and estimation, regression diagnostics, variable transformations, instrumental variables. Application of statistical software using large-scale national database. Letter grading.

  • 237C. Issues in Health Services Methodologies

    Units: 6

    Lecture, four hours; discussion, two hours. Requisites: courses 237A, 237B, Biostatistics 200A, 200B (or 201). Designed for doctoral students. Intended to train students in statistical and economic methods used in health services research, with focus on practical application of advanced regression models. Letter grading.

  • 239A. Special Topics in Health Services: Introduction to Decision Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A and 200B, or M233. Techniques to assess broad spectrum of medical technologies: therapeutic and diagnostic tests and procedures, clinical practice patterns, public health interventions, and pharmaceuticals. Demonstration of how decision analysis provides basic framework for conducting various economic evaluations. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

  • 239B. Special Topics in Health Services: Advanced Topics in Decision Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 239A. How to conduct uncertainty analyses, understand methods used to construct quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), conduct Markov analyses, critically analyze large-scale published cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs), effectively present strengths and limitations of published CEAs to peers, and use advanced features of TreeAge software to construct and analyze CEA models, including Markov models. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Letter grading.

  • 240. Healthcare Issues in International Perspective

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Preparation: two health administration courses, two upper division social sciences courses. Analysis of crucial issues in healthcare; manpower policy, economic support, health facilities, patterns of health service delivery, regulation, planning, and other aspects of healthcare systems probed in settings of European welfare states, developing nations, and socialist countries. S/U or letter grading.

  • 241. Economics of Health Policy

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course M236 or doctoral standing. Second-level health economics course, with emphasis on health policy applications, designed to provide more nuanced view of health economics than does course M236. Provides more training for master's students interested in policy, as well as material and insights for doctoral students who may find it useful in thinking about dissertation topics. Emphasis on special characteristics of health and healthcare and how these characteristics can result in market failure and various policy tools that can be used to deal with these failures. Because U.S. is only developed country that has traditionally relied on private insurance, course goes into more detail on that topic. Alternative conceptual models to traditional market one, discussion of proposed U.S. reforms, and examination of systems in selected other countries. Letter grading.

  • M242. Determinants of Health

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M232.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Critical analysis of models for what determines health and evidence for social, economic, environmental, genetic, health system, and other factors that influence health of populations and defined subgroups. Letter grading.

  • 247. Research Topics in Health Economics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 100, M236. Seminar in economic analysis of current health services issues. Critical examination of studies pertaining to health manpower, healthcare costs and controls, diffusion of technology, and cost-benefit analysis of health programs. S/U or letter grading.

  • M249E. Advanced Topics in Health Economics

    Units: 4

    (Same as Public Policy M266.) Seminar, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B, M236. Advanced treatment of number of topics in health economics, including mental health economics, pharmaceutical economics, and relationship between labor supply, welfare, and health. Letter grading.

  • M249Q. Editorial Board Apprenticeship

    Units: 2

    (Same as Psychiatry M210.) Seminar, two hours. Designed for postdoctoral fellows and advanced Ph.D. students. Participation in peer review process for academic journal, "Health Psychology," with consideration of interface between behavioral science, health, and medicine. Reading and discussion of submissions and advising of editor on suitability for full review. S/U or letter grading.

  • 249R. Special Topics in Health Services: Cancer Prevention and Control Research

    Units: 2

    Seminar, two hours. Limited to graduate students. Presentations by faculty members and outside speakers, as well as students, on research topics in cancer prevention and control as well as career development issues such as grant writing, scientific review process, research funding, and other academic issues. Presentation of student research in progress as well as solicitation of feedback from class regarding grant proposals, manuscript submissions, and future directions for research. Possible reviews of assigned articles, with focus on particular topics in cancer prevention and control. S/U grading.

  • 249S. Special Topics in Health Services: Introduction to Science of Implementing Evidence-Based Practice

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Designed to provide basic understanding of science of implementing evidence-based practice. Through series of didactic teaching and interactive case discussions, introduction to integrated framework to understand key issues related to implementing evidence-based practice and set of tools to apply evidence base to improving healthcare quality. Guest lecturers included who are nationally recognized experts in topic content areas. Interactive discussion and case analyses based on materials closely related to lecture material. S/U or letter grading.

  • 251. Quality Improvement and Informatics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: course 100, Biostatistics 100A. Introduction to concepts of healthcare quality measurement, process improvement, and information systems, as well as organizational aspects of implementing them. Letter grading.

  • M252. Medicare Reform

    Units: 4

    (Same as Public Policy M267.) Lecture, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Designed for graduate students. Analytical and managerial skills learned earlier to be used to analyze problems with existing medicare program and to develop specific options for reforming features of program to accommodate coming pressures generated by retirement of baby-boom generation. Letter grading.

  • M255. Obesity, Physical Activity, and Nutrition Seminar

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M234.) Seminar, three hours; outside study, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Multidisciplinary introduction at graduate level to epidemiology, physiology, and current state of preventive and therapeutic interventions for obesity in adults and children, including public health policy approaches to healthy nutrition and physical activity promotion. S/U or letter grading.

  • 260. World Health

    Units: 2

    (Formerly numbered 260B.) Lecture, two hours. Designed for graduate students. Overview of world health, with emphasis on healthcare outside U.S. Key areas include burden of infectious diseases, health economics, and impact of healthcare policy on healthcare delivery. Letter grading.

  • 265. Challenges in Clinical Health Services Research

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Designed to prepare students for challenges involved in conducting health services research on clinical topics and populations. Topics include formulating appropriate questions, identifying sources, mechanism of conducting field studies, identifying funding sources, writing grants, and publishing findings. S/U or letter grading.

  • 266A. Community-Based Participatory Health Research: Methods and Applications

    Units: 4

    Lecture, one hour; discussion, one hour; fieldwork, two hours. Limited to clinical scholars fellows. Mentoring of field experiences with introduction to critical issues in conducting research in community settings. Review of assignments, interventions, and evaluation designs for community settings and discussion of practical issues in partnering with communities. Letter grading.

  • 266B. Community-Based Participatory Health Research: Methods and Applications

    Units: 4

    Lecture, one hour; discussion, one hour; fieldwork, two hours. Limited to clinical scholars fellows. Mentoring of field experiences with introduction to critical issues in conducting research in community settings. Review of assignments, interventions, and evaluation designs for community settings and discussion of practical issues in partnering with communities. Letter grading.

  • M269. Healthcare Policy and Finance

    Units: 4

    (Same as Public Policy M269.) Seminar, three hours; outside study, nine hours. Exploration of demand for health insurance, policies for public insurance (Medicaid and Medicare), uninsured, and health insurance reform. Examination of effects of managed care on health and costs, consumer protection movement, and rise of competitive healthcare markets. Letter grading.

  • M274. Health Status and Health Behaviors of Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations

    Units: 4

    (Same as Psychology M274.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Limited to graduate students. Overview of physical and mental health behaviors and status of major racial/ethnic groups in U.S. Where appropriate, discussion of international issues as well. S/U or letter grading.

  • 280. Health Reform: Policy, Research, and Implementation Issues

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Limited to second-year M.P.H. and doctoral students. Analysis of components of major federal healthcare reform legislative initiative to identify important policy, research, and implementation issues. Application of principles of stakeholder analysis to understand how and why this legislation was constructed and how it passed Congress. Conducting of policy analyses of selected components through completion of written assignments. Examination of respective roles of federal and state government in implementing and administering various components. Identification of significant implementation and administrative challenges at federal and state levels and development of possible strategies for addressing those challenges. Letter grading.

  • M285. Ethical Theory and Applications in Public Health

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M249L.) Lecture, two hours (M.P.H. day program) or four hours (M.P.H. for Health Professionals). Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Case conferences, based on real-life experience, focus on ethical issues in health services organization and management, including ethical issues related to conflict of interest, quality of care, health insurance selection, choice of drugs, reproductive rights, AIDS, and resource allocation. Letter grading.

  • 286. American Political Institutions and Health Policy

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. To effectively participate in policy process as analyst, policymaker, advocate, or citizen, it is necessary to understand institutional and political context within which policy is made. Introduction to federal and state policy-making, with focus on health policy. Discussion of federalism and constitutionalism. Examination of stakeholders, public, interest groups, and nature of issue space for health policy. Structure and process of political institutions at federal level, Congress, President, executive agencies, courts, and administrative law. State responsibilities and federal/state relations. How analysis enters policy process with examination of roles of federal analytic agencies and private research and advocacy groups. Letter grading.

  • M287. Politics of Health Policy

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M287.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisites: courses 200A and 200B, or Community Health Sciences 210. Examination of politics of health policy process, including effects of political structure and institutions; economic and social factors; interest groups, classes, and social movements; media and public opinion; and other factors. Letter grading.

  • 288. Role and Impact of Technology on Health Services

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Examination of role and impact of technology on health services in the U.S. from point of view of system itself. Exploration of various types of technologies for their policy, economic, and organizational impact. S/U or letter grading.

  • 289. Healthcare Disparities

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to graduate students. Exploration of what constitutes and explains disparity in healthcare. Emphasis on understanding history of disparities in U.S. to understand current state of disparities, and on evaluating effectiveness of ongoing strategies to eliminate them, such as increasing insurance coverage and delivery of culturally competent healthcare. Examination of sociological models that explain disparities in healthcare and evaluation and expansion on these models. Letter grading.

  • M290. Evolving Paradigms of Prevention: Interventions in Early Childhood

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M237.) Seminar, three hours; fieldwork, one hour. Designed for graduate students. Introduction to use of early childhood interventions as means of preventing adverse health and developmental outcomes. Concepts of developmental vulnerability, approaches to assessment, models of service delivery, evaluation and cost-benefit issues, funding, and other policy issues. Letter grading.

  • 375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum

    Units: 1 to 4

    Seminar, one hour. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at UCLA. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 400. Field Studies in Health Services

    Units: 4

    Fieldwork, to be arranged. Preparation: summer internship. Required of all graduating M.P.H. students. Continuation of summer placement in organizations for delivery, financing, and evaluation of health services. Preparation of consulting report based on organizational problem or project from summer internship. Exposure to selected professional development issues. Letter grading.

  • 401. Public Health Informatics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Preparation: general familiarity and understanding of basic information technologies. Recommended requisite: course 251. Introduction to field of public health informatics and examination of impact of information technology on practice of public health. Entire process, from systems conceptualization and design to project planning and development to system implementation and use. Letter grading.

  • 403. Healthcare Financial Accounting

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Introduction to basic concepts of accounting, providing basis for understanding of language of business. Letter grading.

  • M411. Issues in Cancer Prevention and Control

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M411.) Lecture, four hours. Designed for juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Introduction to causes and characteristics of cancer epidemic, cancer control goals for nation, and interventions designed to encourage smoking cessation/prevention, cancer screening, and other dietary, psychosocial, and lifestyle changes. Letter grading.

  • 415. Organizational Analysis

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Introduction to important questions and perspectives relevant to understanding organizational behavior and change in healthcare and public health environments. Active paradigms in organizational theory, particularly perspectives important for understanding delivery system change. Examination of empirical research to clarify how important organizational constructs have been operationalized and to highlight methodology-related challenges of studying organizations in healthcare/public health. Letter grading.

  • M420. Children with Special Healthcare Needs: Systems Perspective

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M420 and Social Welfare M290I.) Lecture, three hours; fieldwork, one hour. Examination and evaluation of principles, policies, programs, and practices that have evolved to identify, assess, and meet special needs of infants, children, and adolescents with developmental disabilities or chronic illness and their families. Letter grading.

  • M422. Practices of Evaluation in Health Services: Theory and Methodology

    Units: 4

    (Same as Sociology M402.) Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Introduction to evaluation of health services programs and policies. Exposure to basic theoretical concepts and specific evaluation methodologies and designs. Letter grading.

  • 423. Advanced Evaluation Theory and Methods for Health Services

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Designed for departmental M.S. and Ph.D. students. Familiarity with current theoretical concepts in evaluation to gain skills in integrating theory into program implementation and evaluation design. Development of student ability to apply various evaluation methodologies most appropriate to variety of settings both within and outside health care and public health, and consideration of advantages and disadvantages of potential design. Examination of shift in field of evaluation over past decade from principal focus on program efficacy (i.e., internal validity) to more balanced approach considering efficacy in content of feasibility, reach, cost, and sustainability (i.e., external validity) and evaluation designs that have emerged (e.g., pragmatic and adaptive trials). Letter grading.

  • 424. Proposal Writing for Health Services Research

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Requisites: courses 225A, 225B. Designed for M.S. and Ph.D. students. Introduction to conceptualizing and writing fundable research proposals. How review process -- culture, structure, procedures, timetables, and outcomes -- operates in different research environments. Application of grant writing principles and skills to develop research proposals following National Institutes of Health guidelines. S/U or letter grading.

  • M428. Child and Family Health Program Community Leadership Seminar

    Units: 2

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M428.) Seminar, two hours. Designed for graduate students. Examination of characteristics of community-based organizations (CBOs) and role of leadership in decision-making process involved in major issues facing maternal and child health in Los Angeles County. Focus on specific leadership competencies that are or should be employed by organizations effective in shaping maternal and child health programs and policies (or any population-level policies and programs). Leaders from CBOs in Los Angeles meet with students, comment on their practicum experiences, and underscore community leadership concepts demonstrated by those CBOs. S/U or letter grading.

  • 430. Healthcare Innovation and E-Health

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Introduction of new technologies in healthcare e-commerce/Internet/new media area, with emphasis on general background, review of applications, and discussion of organizational and managerial issues dealing with successful use and implementation of technologies. S/U or letter grading.

  • 431. Organizational Behavior and Human Resources in Healthcare Organizations

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Managerial skills and behaviors applied to components of organizations at several levels: individual, interpersonal, group, intergroup, and system. Core human resources skills required by managers. Unique features of health services organizations stressed as applications are presented. Letter grading.

  • 432. Management of Healthcare Delivery Organizations

    Units: 4

    Seminar, four hours. Preparation: summer internship, work experience in health services. Readings, case analyses, and term papers concerned with operations, performance management, and service quality of healthcare delivery institutions. S/U or letter grading.

  • 433. Healthcare Strategy

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Enforced requisites: courses 200A, 200B, 234, M236, Biostatistics 100A, Management 403. Conceptual, analytical, and technical aspects of policy and strategy formulation in health services organizations. Special attention to structure and dynamics of competitive markets, corporate-level strategic planning and marketing, managerial ethics and values, organizational creativity/innovation. Letter grading.

  • M434. Building Advocacy Skills: Reproductive Health Focus

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M430.) Seminar, three hours. Recommended requisite: one prior health policy course such as Community Health Sciences 247 or Health Policy 235. Designed for School of Public Health graduate and doctoral students. Skills-building course to develop competency in assessing, developing, and implementing advocacy strategies for reproductive health initiatives. Introduction to legislative and community advocacy initiatives and to policymaking process, including policy analysis and development of resources necessary for legislative advocacy. Identification of advocacy goals and objectives, development of advocacy plan, coalition building, organizational capacity building, media relations, and message development for various audiences. Students learn about range of former and current reproductive health advocacy campaigns. Letter grading.

  • 435. Innovations and Current Trends in Ambulatory Care

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Examination of U.S. ambulatory care delivery system, with focus on more recent trends that are highlighted under Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Structure of ambulatory care service delivery system, infrastructure challenges, financing and quality of care, role of healthcare reform in shaping future of ambulatory care, concepts of chronic care/disease management, medical home, and accountable care organizations, measurement, implementation, and impact of these models. Letter grading.

  • 436. Healthcare Financial Management

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 234, 403. Application of financial management and accounting principles to healthcare facilities, including unique financial characteristics of healthcare facilities, third-party reimbursement, cost finding and rate setting, operational and capital budgeting, auditing, and risk management. S/U or letter grading.

  • 437. Legal Environment of Health Services Management

    Units: 2

    Lecture, two hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. General survey of legal aspects of health services management, including governance, agency, informed consent, medical malpractice, and contracts. S/U or letter grading.

  • 438. Issues and Problems of Local Health Administration

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Preparation: one health services course. Requisites: course 100, Epidemiology 100. Overview of administrative issues currently faced by local health departments, including providing public health programs during fiscal constraint, quality improvement, interagency relationships and partnerships, and political and public interactions. Letter grading.

  • 439. Dental Care Administration

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three to four hours. Requisites or corequisites: Biostatistics 100A, Epidemiology 100. In-depth examination of several specific dental care policy issues: manpower, relationship of treatment to disease, national health program strategies, and evaluation mechanisms. Letter grading.

  • 440A. Healthcare Information Systems and Technology

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Preparation: completion of summer internship. Provides strong foundation in health information technology (HIT) for those working in healthcare, with emphasis on development of knowledge and skill to plan, manage, and implement HIT systems in healthcare delivery organizations with clinical and business partners and evolving HIT spaces. Background and evolution of HIT; how it is planned, implemented, and managed; and how it can be productively used by healthcare delivery organizations, external research organizations, regulatory organizations, providers, and patients/consumers. Fundamentals of technology, electronic medical records (EMR), electronic health records (EHR), personal health records (PHR), meaningful use, interoperability, and health information exchanges (HIE). Letter grading.

  • 440B. Health Information Systems: Organization and Management

    Units: 4

    Lecture, two hours; laboratory, three hours. Requisite: course 440A. Health and administrative research using clinical records. Principles of planning for routine and special studies. Individual investigation in methods of obtaining and processing data to meet needs of programs in institution and agency. Introduction to principles of medical auditing; analysis of medical and health services. S/U or letter grading.

  • 441. Health Analytics: Identifying, Collecting, and Analyzing Big Data in Healthcare

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Use of technology for data collection and processing, as well as data delivery from patients to healthcare providers, administrators, and analysts. Exploration of sources of big data in healthcare, including electronic medical record data warehouses, social media databases, wireless biosensors, and patient-provider-portal metadata. Review of associated analytic techniques for each data source, including data acquisition and management from data warehouses, hands-on data manipulation in Excel and Access, natural language processing of medical record and social media text, cloud networking for wireless biosensors, and queuing models for evaluating patient throughput. Letter grading.

  • 442. Integrated Health Systems

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Position of integrated health systems in U.S. and how they function. Introduction to important technical and organizational developments. Exploration of changes in organization and delivery of healthcare as result of growth of integrated health systems. Letter grading.

  • 445. Healthcare Marketing

    Units: 2

    Lecture, two hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Introduction to concepts of healthcare marketing. Exploration of principles of market-driven decision-making process. Examination of development of key elements in annual marketing process and of consumer, competitor, company analysis, market segmentation, and target markets. Letter grading.

  • M449A. Child Health, Programs, and Policies

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M436A.) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course 100. Course M449A is requisite to M449B. Examination of history of child health policy trends and determinants of health, structure, and function of health service system; needs, programs, and policies affecting especially at-risk populations. Letter grading.

  • M449B. Child Health, Programs, and Policies

    Units: 4

    (Same as Community Health Sciences M436B.) Lecture, four hours. Requisite: course M449A. Examination of history of child health policy trends and determinants of health, structure, and function of health service system; needs, programs, and policies affecting especially at-risk populations. Letter grading.

  • 450. Healthcare Financial Applications

    Units: 2

    Lecture, two hours. Requisites: courses 200A, 200B. Study of healthcare financial management, including variables of cost of funds, availability of physicians to provide necessary patients, efficiency of operations, and legal constraints. Letter grading.

  • 501. Cooperative Program

    Units: 2 to 8

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Preparation: consent of UCLA graduate adviser and graduate dean, and host campus instructor, department chair, and graduate dean. Used to record enrollment of UCLA students in courses taken under cooperative arrangements with USC. No more than 8 units may be applied toward master's degree minimum total course requirement; may not be applied toward minimum graduate course requirement. S/U grading.

  • 596. Directed Individual Study or Research

    Units: 2 to 8

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate students. Individual guided studies under direct faculty supervision. Only 4 units may be applied toward M.P.H. and M.S. minimum total course requirement. May be repeated for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • 597. Preparation for Master's Comprehensive or Doctoral Qualifying Examinations

    Units: 2 to 12

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Limited to graduate students. May not be applied toward any degree course requirements. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 598. Master's Thesis Research

    Units: 2 to 8

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Only 4 units may be applied toward M.P.H. and M.S. minimum total course requirement; may not be applied toward minimum graduate course requirement. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 599. Doctoral Dissertation Research

    Units: 2 to 12

    Tutorial, to be arranged. May not be applied toward any degree course requirements. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.