• 1A. Introduction to Western Civilization: Ancient Civilizations, Prehistory to circa A.D. 843

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Survey of diverse cultures that shaped foundation of Western civilization to onset of 9th century A.D. Investigation of first civilizations in Near East and Egypt. Analysis of worlds of Greeks and Romans. Examination of ways in which western European societies created new syntheses through selective appropriation of Greek and Roman cultures and introduction of new cultural forms. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 1AH. Introduction to Western Civilization: Ancient Civilizations, Prehistory to circa A.D. 843 (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 1A. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 1B. Introduction to Western Civilization: Circa 843 to circa 1715

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to history of the West and its connections to rest of world from 843 to 1715. Profound social, political, cultural, and intellectual changes that affected development of modern world. Topics covered include economic, social, and cultural aspects of feudal system; relationship between Church and empire; new religious movements (including the Reformation); formation of nation-states; relationship between Western Europe and non-European and non-Christian people and traditions. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 1BH. Introduction to Western Civilization: Circa A.D. 843 to circa 1715 (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 1B. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 1C. Introduction to Western Civilization: Circa 1715 to Present

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introduction to history of the West and its connection to rest of world after 1715, during period of sweeping political, social, and cultural tensions and transformations. Topics covered include industrialization, rise of nationalism and mass politics, revolutionary movements, urbanization, mass global migrations, European expansion and imperialism, and decolonization, leading to emergence of new nation states in Europe's former colonies. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 1CH. Introduction to Western Civilization: Circa 1715 to Present (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 1C. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 2B. Social Knowledge and Social Power

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. History of social knowledge and social power in the 19th and 20th centuries. Everyday ideas and practices about human nature, common sense, and community and relation of those practices to social thought, social engineering, and social science. Themes include development of social knowledges through public activities and discourses; how social knowledge differs in agricultural, mercantile, industrial, and information-based political economies; and how social science addresses these issues. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 2C. Religion, Occult, and Science: Mystics, Heretics, and Witches in Western Tradition, 1000 to 1600

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Specific aspects of elite and popular culture in medieval and early modern Europe. Manner in which men and women sought to explain, order, and escape terrors of their lives by embracing transcendental religious experiences and dreaming of apocalypse and witchcraft. Examination of experiences in context of genesis of the state, birth of a new science, and economic and social change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 3A. History of Science: Renaissance to 1800

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Survey of beginnings of physical sciences involving transformation from Aristotelian to Newtonian cosmology, mechanization of natural world, rise of experimental science, and origin of scientific societies. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 3B. History of Science: Enlightment to 1900

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. In this period science became part of Enlightenment campaign for reason and of culture of an Industrial Revolution. New social science and evolutionary debates about science and religion demonstrate its rising intellectual and practical significance. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 3C. History of Science: 20th Century

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Ranging from startling new physics of relativity and the quantum, and of nuclear weapons, to molecular reductionism in biology and campaigns for statistical objectivity, examination of involvement of science in technological, military, intellectual, and political changes of the 20th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 3D. History of Modern Medicine

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Examination, through illustrated lectures and focused discussion of primary sources, of five important themes in development of modern medicine: nature of diagnosis, emergence of surgery, epidemics, conception and treatment of insanity, and use of medical technology. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M4. Introduction to History of Religions

    Units: 5

    (Same as Religion M4.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Comparative study of eight major religious traditions, with emphasis on their beginnings and subsequent decisive changes in their respective historical developments and interactions. Equips students with intellectual tools necessary for thinking analytically, empathetically, and comparatively about fascinating human phenomena identified as religious, such as sacred acts, places, words, and persons in their varied historical contexts. Development of student skills in critical thinking, analyzing documents, and making persuasive arguments based on historical evidence. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 5. Holocaust: History and Memory

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Holocaust, murder of six million Jews by Germans in Nazi-occupied Europe during World War II, is one of crucial events of modern history. Examination of origins of Holocaust, perpetrators and victims, and changing efforts to come to terms with this genocide. Exploration of forces that led to Holocaust, including emergence of scientific racism, anti-Semitism, and machinery of modern state. Consideration of debates about implementation of genocide, including significance of gender and sexuality, relationship between war and genocide, meanings of resistance and culpability, and political and philosophical implications of Holocaust. Exploration of how genocide of European Jewry was intertwined with targeting of other victims of Nazi rule, including Roma, Slavs, black Germans, disabled, homosexuals, and political opponents of National Socialism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 8A. Colonial Latin America

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. General introduction to Latin American history from contact period to independence (1490s to 1820s), with emphasis on convergence of Native American, European, and African cultures in Latin America; issues of ethnicity and gender; development of colonial institutions and societies; and emergence of local and national identities. Readings focus on writings of Latin American men and women from the period studied. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 8AH. Colonial Latin America (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 8A. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 8B. Modern Latin America

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Introductory survey of social, political, and economic history of Latin America after independence, region that includes Mexico, Central and South America, and Caribbean. Formation of independent nation states and political regimes and quest for sovereignty and its challenges in shadow of U.S., approached from bottom up through lens of social history, everyday life, and popular culture. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 8BH. Modern Latin America (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Honors course parallel to course 8B. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 8C. Latin American Social History

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Historical and contemporary perspective of role of ordinary people in Latin American society. Each lecture/film session centers on a major Latin American movie illustrative of a theme in social history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 8CH. Latin American Social History (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 8C. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 9A. Introduction to Asian Civilizations: History of India

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Introductory survey for beginning students of major cultural, social, and political ideas, traditions, and institutions of Indic civilization. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 9C. Introduction to Asian Civilizations: History of Japan

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Survey of Japanese history from earliest recorded time to the present, with emphasis on development of Japan as a cultural daughter of China. Attention to manner in which Chinese culture was Japanized and aspects of Japanese civilization which became unique. Creation of the modern state in the last century and impact of Western civilization on Japanese culture. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 9CH. Introduction to Asian Civilizations: History of Japan (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 9C. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 9D. Introduction to Asian Civilizations: History of Middle East

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Introduction to history of Muslim world from advent of Islam to present day. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 9E. Introduction to Asian Civilizations: Southeast Asian Crossroads

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Overview history of a region united by its wet tropical environment and divided by great religious, cultural, and political pluralism, with focus on Vietnamese, Thai, Filipino, Khmer, Burmese, and Malayo-Indonesian patterns. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M10A. History of Africa to 1800

    Units: 5

    (Same as African American Studies M10A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exploration of development of African societies from earliest times to late 18th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 10B. History of Africa, 1800 to Present

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 10BH or 10BW. Survey of social, economic, and political developments in Africa since 1800, with focus on slave trade, imperialism and colonialism, and nationalism and independence. Attention to different ideologies (nationalism, socialism, apartheid), rural/urban tensions, changing role of women. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 10BH. Introduction to Civilizations of Africa (Honors)

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 10B or 10BW. Honors course parallel to course 10B. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 10BW. Introduction to Civilizations of Africa since 1800

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3 or 3H or English as a Second Language 36. Not open for credit to students with credit for course 10B or 10BH. Survey of social, economic, and political developments in Africa since 1800, with focus on slave trade, imperialism and colonialism, and nationalism and independence. Attention to different ideologies (nationalism, socialism, apartheid), rural/urban tensions, changing role of women. Four papers required. Satisfies Writing II requirement. Letter grading.

  • 11A. History of China: To 1000

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Survey of early history of China -- genesis of characteristic Chinese institutions and modes of thought from antiquity to 1000. Focus on social, political, intellectual, and economic aspects of early and middle empires. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 11AH. History of China: To 1000 (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 11A. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 11B. History of China, circa 1000 to 2000

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Survey of later history of China -- evolution of characteristic Chinese institutions and modes of thought from circa 1000 to 2000. Focus on social, political, intellectual, cultural, and economic aspects of early modern regimes and empires and rise of modern China into contemporary era. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 11BH. History of China: 1000 to 1950 (Honors)

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Honors course parallel to course 11B. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 12A. Inequality: History of Mass Imprisonment

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Beginning with end of U.S.-Mexican War (1848) and ending with beginning of World War II, historical analysis from days when Los Angeles first became U.S. town until 1940s when Los Angeles first became global epicenter of human confinement. Exploration of major eras and turning points in city's rise as both national and global leader in human incarceration, with review of historical foundations of mass imprisonment in Los Angeles. Introduction to current social and political landscape of imprisonment in Los Angeles. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 12B. Inequality: History of Neoliberalism

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exploration of origins, ideas, and consequences of neoliberalism -- theory that society is best organized on principles of free trade, deregulation, and privatization. Combination of political, economic, and intellectual history to construct genealogy of neoliberal thinking by attending to 18th- and 19th-century liberalism, colonialism, imperialism, rise of social democracy and military Keynesianism, and Mount Pelerin Society's Cold War resuscitation of 19th-century liberalism. Coverage of economic crisis of 1970s, restructuring of global political economy in U.S., Europe, global south -- specifically debt, structural adjustment policies, environmental destruction, and military intervention. Tracing of colonial roots of global north-south divide to reveal how neoliberal policies represent longer process of accumulation by dispossession and enclosure rather than sudden radical break from Keynesian model. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 13A. History of the U.S. and Its Colonial Origins: Colonial Origins and First Nation Building Acts

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Strongly recommended for History majors planning to take more advanced courses in U.S. history. Cultural heritages, political institutions, economic developments, and social interactions which created contemporary society. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 13B. History of the U.S. and Its Colonial Origins: 19th Century

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Strongly recommended for History majors planning to take more advanced courses in U.S. history. Cultural heritages, political institutions, economic developments, and social interactions which created contemporary society. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 13C. History of the U.S. and Its Colonial Origins: 20th Century

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Strongly recommended for History majors planning to take more advanced courses in U.S. history. Cultural heritages, political institutions, economic developments, and social interactions which created contemporary society. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

  • 20. World History to A.D. 600

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Examination of earliest civilizations of Asia, North Africa, and Europe -- Mesopotamia, Egypt, Israel, India, China, Greece, and Rome -- from development of settled agricultural communities until about A.D. 500, with focus on rise of cities, organization of society, nature of kingship, writing and growth of bureaucracy, varieties of religious expression, and linkage between culture and society. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 21. World History, circa 600 to 1760

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Outline of world history from rise of Islam to start of Industrial Revolution, structured around a broad chronological narrative of salient developments. Use of thematic and comparative approaches, with certain recurring themes and institutions that modulate from culture to culture. Reading of variety of contemporary accounts to look at way people perceived cultures outside their own. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 22. Contemporary World History, 1760 to Present

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Broad thematic survey of world history since the mid-18th century. Examination, through lecture and discussion, of global implications of imperialism, total war, nationalism, cultural change, decolonization, changes in women's rights and roles, and eclipse of world communism. Designed to introduce students to historical study, help them understand issues and dilemmas facing the world today, and prepare them for more in-depth work in history of specific regions or countries of the world. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 88. Sophomore Seminars: History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to maximum of 20 lower division students. Readings and discussions designed to introduce students to current research in discipline. Culminating project may be required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 88GE. Sophomore Seminar: Special Topics in History

    Units: 5

    Seminar, four hours. Requisite: designated GE lecture course; see "Schedule of Classes" for specific requisite lecture and seminar topics. Designed for sophomores/juniors. Exploration of aspects of lecture topic through readings, images, and discussions. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 89. Honors Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to lower division lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 89HC. Honors Contracts

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to lower division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

  • 94. What Is History? An Introduction to Historical Thinking and Practice

    Units: 4

    Lecture, two hours; discussion, two hours. What is history, who is it that we study, how do we study, and why should we study history? Introduction to basic principles of historical inquiry. Exploration of how we come to know about the past and why it matters. In-depth examination of how the historian works and analysis of sources and visual matters, including site visits. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 96W. Introduction to Historical Practice

    Units: 5

    Seminar, three hours. Enforced requisite: English Composition 3 or 3H or English as a Second Language 36. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Satisfies Writing II requirement. Letter grading.

  • 97. Historical Practices Adjunct Seminar

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Corequisite: any course from History 97A through 97O. Limited to History majors. Exploration of topics covered in courses 97A through 97O in greater depth through supplemental readings, discussions, or other activities. P/NP grading.

  • 97A. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Ancient History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics course; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97B. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Medieval History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97C. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in European History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97D. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in U.S. History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97E. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Latin American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97F. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Near Eastern History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97G. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in East Asian History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97I. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in History of Science/Technology

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97J. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in African History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97K. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in History of Religion

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97L. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Jewish History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97M. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Southeast Asian History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97N. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in Indian History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 97O. Introduction to Historical Practice: Variable Topics in World History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Discussion classes of no more than 15 students. Introduction to study of history, with emphasis on historical theory and research methods. Variable topics courses; consult "Schedule of Classes" for topics to be offered in specific term. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 98T. History of Maps in Early-Modern East Asia

    Units: 5

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: satisfaction of Entry-Level Writing requirement. Freshmen/sophomores preferred. Examination of relationship between changing cartographic practices and multiple developments in early-modern East Asia. Students learn how to incorporate visual analysis into historical research. Letter grading.

  • 99. Student Research Program

    Units: 1 to 2

    Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.

  • 100. History and Historians

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of historiography, including intellectual processes by which history is written, results of these processes, and sources and development of history. Attention also to representative historians. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 101. Topics in World History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of specific historical themes from world historical perspective. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • C101A. Variable Topics: Interdisciplinary Studies

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course C101A is not requisite to C101B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics may include gender, world history, masculinity, and economic history. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Concurrently scheduled with course C208A. P/NP or letter grading.

  • C101B. Variable Topics: Interdisciplinary Studies

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course C101A is not requisite to C101B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics may include gender, world history, masculinity, and economic history. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Concurrently scheduled with course C208B. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 102A. Iran and Persianate World

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Development of model of Persianate world to bring together histories of Iran, India, and central Asia (including Afghanistan) between circa 1200 and 2000. Movement and interaction of different peoples between major cultural centers where Persian was used as common language of intellectual, religious, social, and political exchange. Weekly focus on one particular theme, with lecture material supplemented by translations of writings of princes, poets, tribesmen, travelers, and mystics who created Persian republic of letters between Shiraz, Samarqand, and Delhi, and even as far as Siberia and China. Examination of why and how various ethnic and professional groups made Persian into one of most important languages in world history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M103A. History of Ancient Egypt

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M103A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course M103A is not requisite to M103B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Political and cultural institutions of ancient Egypt and ideas on which they were based. Chronological discussion of Prehistory, Old and Middle Kingdom. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M103B. History of Ancient Egypt

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M103B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course M103A is not requisite to M103B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Political and cultural institutions of ancient Egypt and ideas on which they were based. New Kingdom and Late period until 332 B.C. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M104A. History of Ancient Mesopotamia and Syria

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M104A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political and cultural development of Fertile Crescent, including Palestine, from Late Uruk to neo-Babylonian period. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M104B. Sumerians

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M104B.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Overview of Sumer and related cultures of Greater Mesopotamia in 4th and 3rd millennia B.C.E., with focus on rich cultural history of region and integration of archaeological, art historical, and written records. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M104C. Babylonians

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M104C.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Overview of Babylonia and cultural history of region from late 3rd millennium B.C.E. to invasion of Cyrus in 539 B.C.E., with focus on history and archaeology of region, urban structure, literature, and legal practices. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M104D. Assyrians

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M104D.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Overview of Assyrian cultural history from its origins to end of Neo-Assyrian period (circa 612 B.C.E.), with focus on rise, mechanics, and decline of Neo-Assyrian Empire, which at its peak ruled ancient Near East from Zagros to Egypt. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 105A. Survey of Middle East, 500 to Present: 500 to 1300

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Background and circumstances of rise of Islam, creation of Islamic Empire, and its development. Rise of Dynastic Successor States and Modern Nation States. Social, intellectual, political, and economic development. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 105B. Survey of Middle East, 500 to Present: 1300 to 1700

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Background and circumstances of rise of Islam, creation of Islamic Empire, and its development. Rise of Dynastic Successor States and Modern Nation States. Social, intellectual, political, and economic development. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 105C. Survey of Middle East, 500 to Present: 1700 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Background and circumstances of rise of Islam, creation of Islamic Empire, and its development. Rise of Dynastic Successor States and Modern Nation States. Social, intellectual, political, and economic development. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M106. Premodern Islam

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M106A.) (Same as Religion M106A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of early development of Islam with special attention to doctrine of nature of God, human responsibility, guidance, revelation and religious authority, duties of believers, ritual, law, sectarian movements, mysticism, and popular religion. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 107A. Armenian History: Armenia in Ancient and Medieval Times, 2nd Millennium B.C. to A.D. 11th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 107B. Armenian History: Armenia from Cilician Kingdom through Periods of Foreign Domination and National Stirrings, 11th to 19th Centuries

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 107C. Armenian History: Armenia in Modern and Contemporary Times, 19th and 20th Centuries

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Armenian question and genocide, national republic, Soviet Armenia, and dispersion. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 107D. Introduction to Armenian Oral History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Uses and techniques of Armenian oral history; preinterview, interview, and postinterview procedures; methods of compilation and evaluation. Field assignments, interviews, and summaries and/or paper based on interviews. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 107E. Caucasus under Russian and Soviet Rule

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of political, economic, social, and cultural history of Caucasus region since 1801. Georgian, Armenian, and Azerbaijani response to Russian and Soviet rule; nationality question and Soviet national republics. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 108A. History of North Africa from Islamic Conquest

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of political, social, economic, and religious history of Islamic West (Maghrib) from Muslim conquest in 7th and 8th centuries C.E. until 1578. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 108B. History of Islamic Iberia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of political, social, economic, religious, artistic, and literary history of Islamic culture in Western Europe. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M108C. Culture Area of Maghrib (North Africa)

    Units: 4

    (Same as Anthropology M166Q and Arabic M171.) Lecture, three hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to North Africa, especially Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, also known as Maghrib or Tamazgha. Topics include changing notions of personal, tribal, ethnic, linguistic and religious identities; colonialism; gender and legal rights, changing representations of Islam, and religions in region's public spaces. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 109B. History of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1881 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of origins of Arab-Israeli dispute from mid-19th century through founding of state of Israel and expulsion/flight of three quarters of million Palestinians from their homes. Exploration of social history of Palestine up to Zionist colonization, origins of Zionism and Palestinian nationalism, varieties of Zionism, Zionism and colonialism, seminal events and their consequent symbolic connotations Great Revolt and 1948 nakba (disaster), construction of national consensus in Israel, 1967 and its aftermath, intifada, and redefinition of conflict as result of Oslo. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M110A. Iranian Civilization: History of Achaemenid Empire

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M110A and Iranian M110A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). From end of Elam and rise of Medes to Macedonian conquest of Achaemenid Persia. Emphasis on political history, state structure, empire's religions, and Greco-Persian interactions. Further accents on Cyrus' empire and Darius' world order, age of Persian Wars, Cyrus the Younger, Achaemenid Egypt, Alexander's conquest. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M110B. Iranian Civilization: History of Arsacid (Parthian) Empire

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M110B and Iranian M110B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). From Hellenistic rule in Persia to Sasanian conquest. Emphasis on political history, state structure, empire's religions, interactions with Hellenistic and Roman worlds. Further accent on Parthian conquest of Iran and Mesopotamia, Seleucid demise and Arsacid hegemony in East, Arsacid-Roman wars, rise of Sasanians. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M110C. Iranian Civilization: History of Early Sasanian Empire -- From Ardashir I to Rise of Peroz (circa 224-459 C.E.)

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M110C and Iranian M110C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). From fall of Arsacids to Muslim conquest of Iran. Emphasis on political and economic history, evolution of state structure, empire's religious landscape (Mazdism, Manicheism, Exilarchate, Church of Persia, Mazdakism), Persian and Roman/Byzantine interactions, Persia and East. Further accent on Persian-Roman conflicts and cooperation, Persia and Huns. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 111A. Topics in Middle Eastern History: Premodern

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of major issues in history of Middle East. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 111B. Topics in Middle Eastern History: Early Modern

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of Istanbul in Ottoman period (1453 to 1923); relationship between history and literary imagination and view of history as dialogue between past and present; scholarly debate on urban history of early-modern Middle East; introduction to corpus of theories (world economy paradigm) through discussion of Ottoman port cities. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 111C. Topics in Middle Eastern History: Modern

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Middle East underwent widespread social, economic, and cultural changes during 19th century that propelled society, at least portions of society and aspects of its social/cultural life, in entirely new direction. Examination of those changes to understand exactly what modernity meant for region. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 112A. History of Ancient Mediterranean World

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of history of ancient East from earliest times to foundation of Persian Empire. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 112B. History of Ancient Mediterranean World

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History and institutions of Greeks from their arrival to death of Alexander. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M112C. History of Ancient Mediterranean World

    Units: 4

    (Same as Classics M114A.) Lecture, five hours. Intensive on-site study of history and culture of ancient Rome from founding of city to conversion of Christianity. Part of UCLA Summer Travel Program. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 112D. History and Monuments of Ancient Greece: Field Studies

    Units: 4

    Fieldwork, three hours. Enforced corequisite: course 112B. Examination of history, art, and monuments of ancient Greece through daily lectures and field walks to museums and archaeological sites. Part of UCLA Summer Travel Program. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M112E. History and Monuments of Rome: Field Studies

    Units: 4

    (Same as Classics M114B.) Fieldwork, five hours. Enforced corequisite: course M112C. Examination of history, art, and monuments of ancient Rome through daily lectures and field walks to museums and archaeological sites. Field trips outside Rome to Pompeii, Hadrian's Villa, and ancient Ostia. Reception and ruins of Roman antiquity in medieval, Renaissance, and modern eras explored in their historical context. Part of UCLA Summer Travel Program. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 113A. History of Ancient Greece: Rise of Greek City-State

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Emphasis on archaic period and early classical age through Persian Wars. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 113B. History of Ancient Greece: Classical Period

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Clash between Athens and Sparta, consequent rise of Macedonia, and aftermath of Alexander the Great. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 114A. History of Rome to Death of Caesar

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Emphasis on development of imperialism and on constitutional and social struggles of late republic. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 114B. History of Rome from Death of Caesar to Time of Constantine

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Early empire treated in more detail, supplemented by survey of social and economic changes in 3rd century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 114C. History of Rome: Transformation of Classical World

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, cultural, and religious history of Mediterranean in late antiquity, from crisis of Roman Empire in 3rd century to barbarian and Arab invasions and beginning of medieval states and societies in 7th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 115. Topics in Ancient History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to topics in Greek and Roman history, including Roman law, ancient Greek and Roman slavery, world of Caesar Augustus, Greek democracy, and Alexander the Great. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 116A. Byzantine History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, socioeconomic, religious, and cultural continuity in millennial history of Byzantium. Reforms of Diocletian. Byzantium's relations with Latin Europe, Slavs, Sassanids, Arabs, and Turks. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 116B. Byzantine History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, socioeconomic, religious, and cultural continuity in millennial history of Byzantium. Reforms of Diocletian. Byzantium's relations with Latin Europe, Slavs, Sassanids, Arabs, and Turks. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M116C. Power and Imagination in Byzantium

    Units: 4

    (Same as Classics M170C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Requisites: courses 116A, 116B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of relations of authority and intelligentsia in highly centralized Byzantine Empire. Topics include criticism of emperor, iconoclasm, intellectual freedom, attempts at reform. Letter grading.

  • 119A. Medieval Europe, 400 to 1000

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Basic introduction to Western Europe from Latin antiquity to age of discovery, with emphasis on medieval use of Greco-Roman antiquity, history of manuscript book, and growth of literacy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 119B. Medieval Europe, 1000 to 1500

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Basic introduction to Western Europe from Latin antiquity to age of discovery, with emphasis on medieval use of Greco-Roman antiquity, history of manuscript book, and growth of literacy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 119C. Medieval Civilization: Mediterranean Heartlands

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of Western Mediterranean Europe, social/economic/cultural within political framework, including its relation with other cultures. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 119D. Topics in Medieval History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Special topics in history of Middle Ages, including religion in society, justice and law, politics of war and diplomacy, economic upheaval and renewal, and cultural representations. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 120A. East-Central Europe: Long 19th Century, 1780 to 1914

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis of characteristics of peripheral 19th-century capitalism, effort to modernize and catch up, and factors and consequences of its partial failure in economy, politics, and culture. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 120B. East-Central Europe: Short 20th Century, 1918 to 1990

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis and interpretation of stormy history of crisis zone of Europe where wars, revolts and revolutions, and different types of extremisms led to historical detour: 70 years of departure from Western values and at last effort to turn back to them. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 120C. East-Central Europe in Transition, 1988 to 1993

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. State-socialism and Soviet domination collapsed in East-Central Europe in 1989. Analysis of cause and consequence of collapse, as well as road of transformation in seven (now 12) countries of region; international circumstances and domestic political, social, and economic processes. Ideology of transition versus reality of democratization, marketization, and privatization; free choice versus determinant factors. Scenarios for future. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 120D. Film and History: Central and Eastern Europe, 1945 to 1989

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Postwar history of central and eastern Europe (1945 to 1989), using eight Czech, Polish, and Hungarian films to explore life under state socialist modernization dictatorship. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 121A. History of Modern Europe: Renaissance and Reformation, 1450 to 1660

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Reorganization of power, new forms of representation, and discourses about rule and obedience in Europe from mid-15th through 16th century; popular culture; peasant society; refashioning of religion and power; localization. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 121B. History of Modern Europe: Baroque Culture and Absolutist Politics, 1600 to 1715

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Changing nature of state and social domination; redeployment of military violence; strategies of population discipline; absolutism and baroque culture; new forms of bureaucratic intervention; representation of family, sexuality, and body; witch persecutions. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 121C. History of Modern Europe: Old Regime and Revolutionary Era, 1715 to 1815

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Enlightened absolutism and reform, challenge of new political and economic ideas, crisis of Old Regime, impact of French Revolution and Napoleonic empire. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 121D. History of Modern Europe: Bourgeois Century, 1815 to 1914

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Restoration politics, Industrial Revolution, uprisings of 1848, unification of Germany and Italy, imperialism, rise of socialism, population growth, changes in social structure, origins of World War I. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 121E. History of Modern Europe: Era of Total War, 1914 to 1945

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. World War I, interwar period, and World War II. Social, cultural, political, and economic aspects, with focus on strain between model of parliamentary democracy and dynamics of mass politics (e.g., Bolshevik Revolution, Italian Fascism, national socialism, and Spanish Civil War). P/NP or letter grading.

  • 121F. History of Modern Europe: World War II and Its Aftermath, 1939 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. World War II, origins and persistence of Cold War, reconstruction in West, de-Stalinization, decolonization, crisis of welfare state, background to and course of 1989 revolutions, current political configuration. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 122A. Cultural and Intellectual History of Modern Europe, 15th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Climates of taste and climates of opinion. Educational, moral, and religious attitudes; art, thought, and manners of time in historical context. Renaissance cultural and intellectual history of Europe. Central themes include comparative history of ideas, theory and practice of art and architecture, civic and religious humanism, religious experience, and new cultural genres of history and philological scholarship. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 122B. Cultural and Intellectual History of Modern Europe, 16th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Climates of taste and climates of opinion. Educational, moral, and religious attitudes; art, thought, and manners of time in historical context. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 122C. Cultural and Intellectual History of Modern Europe, 17th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Climates of taste and climates of opinion. Educational, moral, and religious attitudes; art, thought, and manners of time in historical context. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 122D. Cultural and Intellectual History of Modern Europe, 18th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Climates of taste and climates of opinion. Educational, moral, and religious attitudes; art, thought, and manners of time in historical context. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M122E. Cultural and Intellectual History of Modern Europe, 19th Century

    Units: 4

    (Same as Art History M127C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Climates of taste and climates of opinion. Educational, moral, and religious attitudes; art, thought, and manners of time in historical context. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 122F. Cultural and Intellectual History of Modern Europe, 20th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Climates of taste and climates of opinion. Educational, moral, and religious attitudes; art, thought, and manners of time in historical context. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 123A. War and Diplomacy in Europe, 1650 to 1815

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of military and diplomatic history, seen in relation to social and economic developments and growth of state. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 123B. War and Diplomacy in Europe, 1815 to 1945

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Changing patterns of warfare and diplomatic attempts to contain Great Power rivalries; wars of national unification; imperialism; shifting balance of power and alliances; origins, course, and effects of two World Wars. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 123C. War and Diplomacy in Europe, Cold War

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Relations of West, Soviet Union, and world from 1945 to 1991. Origins, development, and end of power-political, military, and ideological confrontations between superpowers and their allies and clients in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 124A. History of France: France, 1500 to 1715

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Social history of 16th- and 17th-century France, including growth of monarchy, wars of religion, peasant uprisings, popular culture, Catholic resurgence, Louis XIV, and achievements in arts and literature. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 124B. History of France: France, 1715 to 1871

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. "Ancien Régime" and time of revolutions. Critical discourse leading to French Revolution, collapse of state, Napoleonic era, reconstruction of society through monarchies and revolutions of 19th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 124C. History of France: Making of Modern France, 1871 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. From oligarchy to democratic bureaucracy in two wars and three republics. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 125A. Baroque and Enlightenment Germany

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Development of state institutions, culture, and society in Central Europe from end of Thirty Years' War to end of Napoleonic Wars. Consideration of absolutism as political system, and baroque and Enlightenment cultures as new discourses on power and hierarchy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 125B. Nationalism and Modernization in 19th-Century Germany

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Problems of class society and state formation, emancipation, assimilation, growth of national consciousness, emergence of bourgeois public sphere, dynamics of gender in civil society and political life, post-Napoleonic tensions between reform and reaction, 1848, and national unification. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 125C. 20th-Century Germany

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Transitions that Germany has faced during this century: two world wars, shift from monarchy to republic to national socialism to divided nation, and finally reunification. Consideration of political, social, economic, and cultural spheres. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 125D. History of Low Countries

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of aspects of Dutch (and on occasion Belgian) history from medieval period to period after World War II, with emphasis on political and cultural history. Topics include Middle Ages, Dutch Republic in 17th and 18th centuries, Low Countries from 1830 to 1918, Netherlands and Belgium in context of Europe after 1945. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 126. Europe in Age of Revolution, circa 1775 to 1815

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Period from revolt of Thirteen Colonies to French Revolution of 1789, and Napoleonic regime, viewing social and political changes unleashed by these revolutionary movements in comparative and transnational perspective. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M127A. History of Russia, Origins to Rise of Muscovy

    Units: 4

    (Same as Russian M118.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Kievan Russia and its culture, Appanage principalities and towns; Mongol invasion; unification of Russian state by Muscovy, Autocracy and its Servitors; serfdom. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 127B. History of Russia: Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to Nicholas II

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Westernization of state and society; centralization at home and expansion abroad; peasant problem; beginnings of industrialization; movements of political and social protest; non-Russian peoples; political reforms and social changes; Revolution of 1905; Russia in World War I; fall of old regime. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 127C. History of Russia: Revolutionary Russia and Soviet Union

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Revolutions of 1917, Civil War, consolidation of Bolshevik Regime; succession crisis and ascendancy of Stalin, collectivization and industrialization; foreign policy and World War II; death of Stalin, de-Stalinization, developments since; stagnation or stability? P/NP or letter grading.

  • 127D. History of Russia: Culture and Society in Imperial Russia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course 127B or Russian 90A or 119. Designed for juniors/seniors. Thematic examination of culture and society in Russia during era of state-sponsored Westernization (1689 to 1917). Topics include nobility, peasantry, and village life from serfdom to postemancipation era, urban society, working-class life and thought, women, clergy, religion, popular culture, accommodation, and resistance. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 128A. History of Italy, 1350 to 1559

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Most important social, economic, political, and cultural developments in history of Italy during later Middle Ages and Renaissance. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 128B. History of Italy, 1559 to 1848

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Counter-Reformation and absolutism, Enlightenment reforms, revolutionary era, and first phase of Risorgimento. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 128C. History of Italy, 1848 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, economic, social, diplomatic, and ideological developments. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 129A. Social History of Spain and Portugal: Age of Silver in Spain and Portugal, 1479 to 1789

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Development of popular history in Iberian Peninsula. Emphasis on peasants and urban history, gold routes, slave trade, history of women, and development of different types of collective violence. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 129B. Social History of Spain and Portugal: Rebellion and Revolution in Modern Spain and Portugal, 1789 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Spain's position in Europe and its potentialities for social change discussed through investigations of urban history, agrarian social structure, history of women, problems of slow industrial development, imperialism, anarchism, and labor history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 130. History of European Political Thought

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to principal themes in history of European political thought from classical antiquity to close of early modern period. Study of outstanding contributions to history of social, political, and moral philosophy in texts of major thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, More, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Reconstruction of broad intellectual and ideological contexts from which their work emerged to help students make sense of works of political philosophy in their relevant historical setting and to know something about Athenian democracy and its critics, Roman republic and its empire, Renaissance, early modern European civil wars, American and French Revolutions, and Enlightenment. Focus on emergence of some crucial concepts during this period -- ideas about state, self, rights, sovereignty, liberty, private property, and more -- that define way we think about politics and society in modern world. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 131A. Marxist Theory and History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course 131A is generally requisite to 131B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to Marxist philosophy and method; conception of historical stages; competing Marxist analyses of transition from feudalism to capitalist economy via reading "Capital"; theory of politics and state in relationship to historical interpretation of 19th-century European revolutions; capitalist crises. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 131B. Marxist Theory and History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course 131A is generally requisite to 131B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to Marxist philosophy and method; conception of historical stages; competing Marxist analyses of transition from feudalism to capitalist economy via reading "Capital"; theory of politics and state in relationship to historical interpretation of 19th-century European revolutions; capitalist crises. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 132. Topics in European History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Integrated introduction to important aspects of European history, with emphasis on specific topic within broad framework. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M133A. History of Women in Europe, 800 to 1715

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M133A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of social, political, and cultural roles of women in Western Europe from early Middle Ages to 18th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M133B. History of Women in Europe, 1715 to Present

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M133B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of social, political, and cultural roles of women in Western Europe from 18th century to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M133C. History of Prostitution

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M133C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of prostitution from ancient times to present. Topics include toleration in medieval Europe, impact of syphilis, birth of courtesan, regulation in 19th-century Europe, white slavery scare, and contemporary global sex trade. Readings include novels, primary sources, and testimony by sex workers. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 134B. Economic History of Europe, 1780 to 1914

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis of emergence of European world economy, first Industrial Revolution, revolutionary changes in technology, demographic patterns, education, transportation, and interrelationship between Western core and European peripheries in process of industrialization. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 134C. Economic History of Europe, 20th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Changing European economy after World War I and II and in 1990s; impact of fourth and fifth Industrial Revolutions; Great Depressions of century during 1930s, 1970s, and 1980s; and changing modernization strategies; import-substituting industrialization in peripheries; Soviet modernization dictatorship in East Central Europe and its collapse; integration process of second half of century and rise of European Union; modernization model at end of century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 135A. Europe and World: Exploration and Conquest, 1400 to 1700

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. First phase of European expansion in Americas, Africa, and Eurasia. Analysis of motives and methods of expansion, differing patterns of European settlement, including plantation economy, and development of new commercial networks, including Atlantic slave trade. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 135B. Europe and World: Colonialism, Slavery, and Revolution, 1700 to 1870

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Origins and gradual increase of European dominance of world trade, impact of European colonialism in New World, Africa, and Asia, influence of new revolutionary ideals that took shape in wake of Enlightenment of 18th century, and beginnings of industrialization. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 135C. Europe and World: Imperialism and Postcolonialism, 1870 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of major European events and trends and their impact on world in modern period. Interrelationship of European and world history, from partition of Africa to founding of India and Pakistan. Global consequences of Cold War and new place of Europe in world. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 136A. History of Britain: Tudor-Stuart Times, 1485 to 1715

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis of British economy, society, and polity, with focus on dynamics of both stability and change. Political, socioeconomic, religious, and cultural history of Britain under Tudors and Stuarts. Topics include Reformation, transformation of economy, establishment of overseas colonies, 17th-century political upheavals and their impact on political and socioeconomic structures. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 136B. History of Britain: Making of Modern Britain, 1715 to 1867

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis of British economy, society, and polity, with focus on dynamics of both stability and change. Social, economic, political, and cultural history of Britain from Hanovarian revolution in politics to advent of mass democracy in mid-Victorian era. Themes include social change under pressure of industrialization, emergence of first British Empire, loss of America, shifts in religious and social position. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 136C. History of Britain: Modern Britain since 1832

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis of British economy, society, and polity, with focus on dynamics of both stability and change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 137A. British Empire since 1783

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political and economic development of British Empire, including evolution of colonial nationalism, development of commonwealth idea, and changes in British colonial policy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 137B. British Empire since 1783

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political and economic development of British Empire, including evolution of colonial nationalism, development of commonwealth idea, and changes in British colonial policy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 138A. Colonial America, 1600 to 1763

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of molding of American society in English North America from 1600 to 1763. Emphasis on interaction of three converging cultures: Western European, West African, and American Indian. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 138B. Revolutionary America, 1760 to 1800

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Inquiry into origins and consequences of American Revolution, nature of revolutionary process, creation of constitutional national government, and development of capitalist economy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 138C. U.S. History, 1800 to 1850

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Discussion of major social, political, economic, and cultural transformations of first half of 19th century and how these changes helped to drive wedge between North and South. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 139A. U.S., Civil War and Reconstruction

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Rise of sectionalism, antislavery crusade; formation of Confederate States; war years; political and social reconstruction. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 139B. U.S., 1875 to 1900

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. American political, social, and institutional history in period of great change. Emphasis on altering concepts of role of government and responses to that alteration. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 140A. 20th-Century U.S. History, 1900 to 1928

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, economic, intellectual, and cultural aspects of American democracy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 140B. 20th-Century U.S. History, 1929 to 1960

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, economic, intellectual, and cultural aspects of American democracy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 140C. 20th-Century U.S. History since 1960

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of political, social, and diplomatic developments that have shaped U.S. since 1960. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 141A. American Economic History, 1790 to 1910

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Roles of economic forces, institutions, individuals, and groups in promoting or impeding effective change in American economy from 1790 to 1910. During this period technical skeleton of modern industrial structure was formed. Why and how American economy evolved into dual economy, characterized by center of firms large in size and influence and periphery of smaller firms. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 141B. American Economic History, 1910 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Dynamics of change in dual economy, with focus in greater detail on interrelationships between macro and micro developments in economy and on growing interdependency between U.S. and world economy from 1910 to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 142A. Intellectual History of U.S.

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Principal ideas about humanity and God, nature and society, that have been at work in American history. Sources of these ideas, their connections with one another, their relationship to American life, and their expression in great documents of American thought. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 142B. Intellectual History of U.S.

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Principal ideas about humanity and God, nature and society, that have been at work in American history. Sources of these ideas, their connections with one another, their relationship to American life, and their expression in great documents of American thought. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M142C. History of Religion in U.S.

    Units: 4

    (Same as Religion M142C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Consideration of religious dimension of people's experience in U.S. Examination of number of religious traditions that have been important in this country, with emphasis on relating developments in religion to other aspects of American culture. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 142D. American Popular Culture

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended requisites: courses 13B, 13C. Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of American cultural history since 1865, with emphasis on historical development of urban, consumer-oriented American mass culture that enveloped diverse groups of Americans as producers and consumers. Historical development of American popular culture according to changing set of political, economic, and social circumstances. Evolution of national and global framework for mass circulation of popular cultural expressions, as well as arrival of new technologies that enabled that development. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 143A. Constitutional History of U.S.: Origins and Development of Constitutionalism in U.S.

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Particular emphasis on framing of Federal Constitution in 1787 and its subsequent interpretation. Judicial review, significance of Marshall Court, and effects of slavery and Civil War on Constitution. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 143B. Constitutional History of U.S.: Constitutionalism since Civil War

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Particular emphasis on development of Supreme Court, due process revolution, Court and political questions, and fact of judicial supremacy within self-prescribed limits. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 144. America in World

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Reconsideration of U.S. exceptionalist approach to national self-understanding by rethinking crucial aspects of American history in more international context that goes well beyond foreign relations and international affairs to reconceptualize aspects of American economic, intellectual, cultural, and social history. Consideration of transnational flows of people, ideas, goods, wealth, and politics, as well as comparative studies of all these things and more. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M144C. Critical Issues in U.S.-Philippine Relations

    Units: 4

    (Same as Asian American Studies M171D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: courses 176A, 176B, 176C. Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of complex interrelationship between U.S. colonialism, Philippine nationalism, history of Filipino Americans, and Philippine diaspora in 20th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 145A. U.S. Urban History: U.S. Cities -- Overview

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Demographic, geographic, political, economic, and social development of U.S. cities in relation to broad trends in U.S. history as well as to their own more special histories. Emphasis on mastery of facts and chronology, and awareness of major theoretical issues and fundamental concepts in urban history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 145B. U.S. Urban History: Topics in U.S. Urban History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of one aspect of U.S. urban history in depth without having to attend to basic chronology or geography. Topics include crime and police, urban economics, and urban government. Students do primary research papers based on local materials in addition to written examinations. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 146A. American Working Class Movements

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Major episodes in social, trade union, and cultural history of American working class from Colonial times to present, with emphasis on both organized and unorganized labor, history of Knights of Labor, A.F. of L. and C.I.O., and development of labor politics. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 146B. American Working Class Movements

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Major episodes in social, trade union, and cultural history of American working class from Colonial times to present, with emphasis on both organized and unorganized labor, history of Knights of Labor, A.F. of L. and C.I.O., and development of labor politics. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 146C. U.S. and Comparative Immigration History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Use of overlapping diaspora model that integrates North Atlantic (Europe), South Atlantic (Afro-Caribbean), Pacific (China/Japan/Hawaii), and Latin (Mexico to Brazil) worlds to provide chronological and analytic survey of American and comparative immigration from 1750 to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 146D. U.S. and Comparative Immigration History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Use of overlapping diaspora model that integrates North Atlantic (Europe), South Atlantic (Afro-Caribbean), Pacific (China/Japan/Hawaii), and Latin (Mexico to Brazil) worlds to provide chronological and analytic survey of American and comparative immigration from 1750 to present. Special focus on Southern California. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M147C. History of Women in Colonial British America and Early U.S., 1600 to 1860

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M147B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to major themes in history of early American women from initial confrontation of English and American Indian cultures in early 17th century to rise of women's rights movement in mid-19th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M147D. History of Women in U.S., 1860 to 1980

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M147D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to major themes in history of American women from abolition of slavery and Civil War to rise and consequences of second-wave feminism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M147E. History of Deaf Communities in America

    Units: 4

    (Same as American Sign Language M120.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of history and culture of deaf communities in America (circa 1800 to present) by exploring major events impacting deaf people, including development of sign language, deaf education, audism, politics of deafness, eugenics, deaf revolution movements, and role of hearing technology. Historical development of emergence, growth, and survival of America's deaf community and development of deaf identity over time. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 148. Introduction to Public/Applied History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. General survey of historical definitions of, and debates about, public and applied history, that is, history in non-academic settings across different periods and geographic regions. Survey supplemented with case studies drawn from historical research used to inform museum exhibitions, public policy, historic commemoration, digital projects, and documentary and popular media productions. Through assigned readings, analytical writing, and collaborative research, students engage with variety of approaches, tools, and media. Research on local historical topics to foster well-grounded understanding of how history is applied and interpreted in variety of places, settings, and media for variety of audiences and purposes. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 149A. North American Indian History, Precontact to 1830

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of Native Americans from contact to present, with emphasis on historical dimensions of culture change, Indian political processes, and continuity of Native American cultures. Focus on selected Indian peoples in each period. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 149B. North American Indian History, 1830 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of Native Americans from contact to present, with emphasis on historical dimensions of culture change, Indian political processes, and continuity of Native American cultures. Focus on selected Indian peoples in each period. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M150A. Comparative Slavery Systems

    Units: 4

    (Same as African American Studies M158A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of slavery experiences in various New World slave societies, with emphasis on outlining similarities and differences among legal status, treatment, and slave cultures of North American, Caribbean, and Latin American slave societies. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M150B. Introduction to Afro-American History

    Units: 4

    (Same as African American Studies M158B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of Afro-American experience, with emphasis on three great transitions of Afro-American life: transition from Africa to New World slavery, transition from slavery to freedom, and transition from rural to urban milieus. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M150C. Introduction to Afro-American History

    Units: 4

    (Same as African American Studies M158C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of Afro-American experience, with emphasis on three great transitions of Afro-American life: transition from Africa to New World slavery, transition from slavery to freedom, and transition from rural to urban milieus. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M150D. Recent African American Urban History: Funk Music and Politics of Black Popular Culture

    Units: 4

    (Same as African American Studies M150D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of musical genre known as funk that emerged in its popular form during late 1960s and reached popular high point, in black culture, during 1970s. Funk, fusion of gospel, blues, jazz, rhythm and blues, soul, rock, and many other musical styles, offer students unique window into recent African American history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M150E. African American Nationalism in First Half of 20th Century

    Units: 4

    (Same as African American Studies M158E.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Critical examination of African American search in first half of 20th century for national/group cohesion through collectively built institutions, associations, organized protest movements, and ideological self-definition. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M151A. History of Chicano Peoples

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M159A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey lecture course on historical development of Mexican (Chicano) community and people of Mexican descent (Indio-Mestizo-Mulato) north of Rio through 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, with special focus on labor and politics. Provides integrated understanding of change over time in Mexican community by inquiry into major formative historical forces affecting community. Social structure, economy, labor, culture, political organization, conflict, and international relations. Emphasis on social forces, class analysis, social, economic, and labor conflict, ideas, domination, and resistance. Developments related to historical events of significance occurring both in U.S. and Mexico. Lectures, special presentations, reading assignments, written examinations, library and field research, and submission of paper. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M151B. History of Chicano Peoples

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M159B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey lecture course on historical development of Mexican (Chicano) community and people of Mexican descent in U.S. through 20th century, with special focus on labor and politics. Provides integrated understanding of change over time in Mexican community by inquiry into major formative historical and policy issues affecting community. Within framework of domination and resistance, discussion deals with social structure, economy, labor, culture, political organization, conflict, and ideology. Developments related to historical events of significance occurring both in U.S. and Mexico. Lectures, special presentations, reading assignments, written examinations, library and/or field research, and submission of paper. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M151C. Understanding Whiteness in American History and Culture

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies CM182.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History, construction, and representation of whiteness in American society. Readings and discussions trace evolution of white identity and explore its significance to historical construction of race class in American history. Letter grading.

  • M151D. Chicana Historiography

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M158 and Gender Studies M157.) Lecture, four hours. Examination of Chicana historiography, looking closely at how practice of writing of history has placed Chicanas into particular narratives. Using Chicana feminist approaches to study of history, revisiting of specific historical periods and moments such as Spanish Conquest, Mexican Period, American Conquest, Mexican Revolution, and Chicano Movement to excavate untold stories about women's participation in and contribution to making of Chicana and Chicano history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M151E. Latino Metropolis: Architecture and Urbanism in Americas

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M187 and Urban Planning M187.) Lecture, four hours. Introduction to history of architecture and urbanism in Americas, from fabled cities of Aztec empire to barrios of 21st-century Los Angeles and Miami. Emphasis on role of cities in Latina/Latino experience and uses of architecture and city planning to forge new social identities rooted in historical experiences of conquest, immigration, nationalization, and revolution. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 152. Asians in American History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of politically troubling question of entry into U.S. of immigrants ineligible for citizenship and their citizen children in American history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 153. American West

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Study of West as frontier and as region, in transit from Atlantic seaboard to Pacific, from 17th century to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 154. History of California

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Economic, social, intellectual, and political development of California from earliest times to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M155. History of Los Angeles

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chicana and Chicano Studies M183.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Social, economic, cultural, and political development of Los Angeles and its environs from time of its founding to present. Emphasis on diverse peoples of area, changing physical environment, various interpretations of city, and Los Angeles' place among American urban centers. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 156. Topics in U.S. History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of specific historical themes and/or major issues in U.S. history. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 157A. Early Latin America

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Advanced survey of Latin American history from conquest to independence, with emphasis on society, culture, and ethnic aspects. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 157B. Indians of Colonial Mexico

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of social and cultural history of Indians of Mexico, especially central Mexico, from time of European conquest until Mexican independence, with emphasis on internal view of Indian groups and patterns on basis of records produced by Indians themselves. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 159. Latin America in 19th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Intensive analysis of economic, social, and political problems of Latin American nations from their independence to around 1910. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 160A. Latin American Elitelore

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Elitelore (defined as oral or noninstitutionalized knowledge involving leaders' conceptual and perceptual life history views) in contrast to folklore (followers' traditional or popular views). Elitelore genres include oral history, literature, and cinema. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 160B. Mexican Revolution since 1910

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of concept of permanent crisis to describe and explain structure of permanent revolution under one-party democracy. Analysis of unresolved colonial and 19th-century problems and crises that have influenced modern-day Mexico, if in modified form. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 161. Topics in Latin American History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of major issues in history of Latin America. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 162A. Modern Brazil

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Selected topics in political, economic, social, and cultural development of Brazil, with emphasis on modernization and struggle for change, 1850 to present. Discussions, films, slides, and guest speakers supplement and complement lectures. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 162B. Brazil and Atlantic World, 1500 to 1822

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of development of colonial society in Brazil from discovery in 1500 to independence in 1822, placing it in context of Portugal's overseas expansion in Asia, Africa, and Americas. Emphasis on Portuguese, indigenous, and African roots of modern Brazil. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 162C. History of Argentina

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of economic, political, social, and cultural developments that have shaped Argentina from colonial time to present. Emphasis on 19th-century development of agro-export economy and 20th-century formation of mass society. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 164B. Topics in African History: Africa and Slave Trade

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Preparation: one prior course in African history at UCLA. Designed for juniors/seniors. Social, economic, political, and cultural impact of slave trade on African society, with emphasis on Atlantic trade without neglecting those of ancient Mediterranean, Islamic, and Indian Ocean worlds. Abolition and African diaspora. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 164D. Topics in African History: Africa and Diaspora in Global and Comparative Perspective

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Preparation: one prior course in African history at UCLA. Designed for juniors/seniors. Forced migration of Africans through overseas slave trade was formative event of modern world. Exploration of that experience and its lasting consequences by placing it in its global context -- African, American, European, Islamic, and Asian. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 164E. Topics in African History: Africa, 1945 to Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Preparation: one prior course in African history at UCLA. Designed for juniors/seniors. History of Africa south of Sahara from end of World War II to present. Last phases of colonial rule in Africa, African nationalism, Pan-Africanism, liberation movements, and achievement of independence. Political, social, and economic change in colonies and in independent states of Africa. Neocolonialism, experiments in national development, apartheid in South Africa, ideological conflict in contemporary Africa, and Africa in world affairs since 1957. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 165. Topics in African History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of specific historical themes and/or major issues in African history. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 165SL. Service Learning and Historical Understanding in South Africa

    Units: 4

    Fieldwork, six hours. Students participate in two service learning projects in South Africa to help them understand ongoing historical legacy of apartheid in South Africa, differences between urban and rural poverty, and link between rural poverty and urban overcrowding. Students work directly with families and children under guidance of local community organizers. Offered in summer only. Letter grading.

  • 166A. History of West Africa: West Africa, Earliest Times to 1800

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 166B. History of West Africa: West Africa since 1800

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 167A. History of Northeast Africa

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of history of Ethiopia, Sudan, and Somalia in regional context of northeast Africa from earliest times to present, with emphasis on economy and society, evolution of state, and significance of Christianity and Islam. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 167B. History of East Africa

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of cultural diversity of east Africa from earliest times to growth of complex societies, its place within wider Indian Ocean system, and colonial conquest to gaining of independence and postcolonial challenges. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 167C. History of Central Africa

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of history of central Africa from earliest times, with emphasis on establishment of agriculture, growth of trade, rise of states, and incorporation of region into world economy. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 168A. History of Southern Africa, Origins to 1870

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Attention to social and economic as well as political aspects. Origins of South African peoples and their interactions to 1870. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 168B. History of Southern Africa since 1870

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Attention to social and economic as well as political aspects. Interactions between inhabitants of southern Africa since 1870. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 169A. Thought and Society in China to 1000

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course 11A. Designed for juniors/seniors. Elite and popular expressions of Chinese cultural life examined in readings and lectures. Focus on diversities of thought in classical legacy and their evolution under impact of Buddhism to 1000. Emphasis on intersections between intellectual life and social, political, and economic conditions. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 169B. Thought and Society in China since 1000

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course 11B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Elite and popular expressions of Chinese cultural life from 1000 to 20th century. Emphasis on social, political, and economic conditions within which Chinese orthodox and heterodox values evolved and changed. Evaluation of iconoclasm of Chinese intellectual life in 20th century in light of earlier currents of thought. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 170A. Culture and Power in Late Imperial China

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: courses 11A, 11B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Analysis of relations of power and cultural expressions of dominance and resistance in late imperial China (1000 to 1700), with emphasis on interplay of economic forces, ideas, and social and political institutions. Examination of institutions of state, family, school, and city; idioms of folk religion, death, and afterlife; political, legal, and medical discourses of body, personhood, and social identity; love, sexuality, and private life. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 170B. Selected Topics in Chinese History from 1500

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended requisite: course 11B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Selected topics that may vary from year to year. Recent offerings include law, society, and culture; society and economy; and rural China. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M170C. History of Women in China, A.D. 1000 to Present

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M170C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics include women and family, women in Confucian ideology, women in literati culture, feminist movement, and women and communist revolution. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 170D. 20th-Century China

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course 11B. Designed for juniors/seniors. Political events and intellectual developments seen in context of social-economic trends; human agency, structural change, and historical conjunctures in 20th century. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 171. Variable Topics in Japanese History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Important topics in Japanese history, including political change, economic development, social questions, and popular culture, as well as media and arts, explored through extensive readings. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 172A. Japan--Ancient and Medieval History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, economic, and cultural development of Japan from prehistory to 1600. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 172B. Japanese History: Early Modern, 1600 to 1868

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political, economic, and cultural development of Japan from 1600 to 1868. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 172C. Modern Japanese History, 1850 to 1945

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Investigation of meaning of modern "Japan" for newly national (and imperial) populace, and resistance to consequent radical upheavals in daily experience, both in Japan and Asia. Exploration of meaning of "modern" and fraught interplay of imperial and anticolonial ambitions in domestic and foreign politics. World War II experience and radical and conservative effects of Allied Occupation. Foregrounding of professional practice of history and historical creation of categories, practices, and perspectives that have become second nature (i.e., linear time, nation, and modern social norms). Topics also include gender, sexuality, aesthetics, fascism, eugenics and race, hygiene, bloodsucking, monsters, anarchism, time, colonialism, feminism, art, censorship, protest, and Cold War. Socratic-style discussion in lecture. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 173A. Japanese Popular Culture

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics in 18th-, 19th-, and 20th-century Japanese history, including legacy of premodern satire in postmodern comic books, American culture in 1930s' Japanese visual culture, gender in photography, and relationship of monster movies to postwar politics. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M173B. Women in 20th-Century Japan

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M173B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Japanese women in Japanese and world history through state documents, autobiographical voices, contemporary television, and other varying historical sources, including topics such as women and new political order (1900 to 1930), women, war, and empire (1930 to 1945), and women in consumer society (1980s to 1990s). P/NP or letter grading.

  • M173C. Shinto, Buddhism, and Japanese Folk Religion

    Units: 4

    (Same as Religion M173C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Social dimension of various Ways, great and little: Shinto's connection with cultural nationalism, Buddhism's medieval Reformation and Zen's relation to warrior culture, folk religious aspects such as shamanism, ancestor worship, and millenarianism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 173D. Postwar Japanese History through Film

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of postwar Japanese history through medium of film and film criticism. Much of postwar Japanese cinema can be seen as reflecting on and questioning place of Japan in world reshaped by catastrophic war and its lingering specter. Through screenings and critical discussion of select films spanning half-century following World War II, consideration of cultural, aesthetic, and sociopolitical significance of postwar as demarcated category in Japan. Reflection on ways in which filmic presentations of state of being postwar engaged with lived history, memory, and present time. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 174A. Early History of India

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to civilization and institutions of India. Survey of history and culture of South Asian subcontinent from earliest times to founding of Mughal Empire. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 174B. History of British India I

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of expansion of British rule, theories and practice of governance, constitution of India as oriental despotism, epistemological projects of state, and other modes by which British achieved conquest of knowledge. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 174C. Contemporary South Asia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political economy of imperialism and Britain's civilizing mission. Encounter, especially in terms of race and gender, between colonized and colonizers and to questions of resistance and nationalism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M174D. Indo-Islamic Interactions, 700 to 1750

    Units: 4

    (Same as Religion M174D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Historical introduction to Muslim communities of what eventually became nations of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Topics include social, political, religious, and cultural history. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M174E. Indo-Islamic Interactions, 1750 to 1950

    Units: 4

    (Same as Religion M174E.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of interplay of factors that, from Christian missionaries to Islamic madrasa schools and colonial rebellions, gave shape to multifaceted Muslim reformation in context of colonial modernity. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 174F. Gandhi and Making of Modern India

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of life and ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, known world over as prophet of nonviolence and principal architect of Indian independence movement. Gandhi was also spiritual thinker, social reformer, critic of Western modernity, interpreter of Indian civilization, staunch supporter of Indian syncreticism, voluminous writer, and forerunner, not only in India, but of many great social and ecological movements of our times. Focus on Gandhi's idea of "satyagraha," resistance to oppression through truth ("satya") and nonviolence ("ahimsa"), and his nonviolent campaigns against colonial rule, before moving to broader assessments of his life and thought, his critiques of modernity and industrial civilization, and his relationship to Indian nationalism. Discussion of feminist, Dalit (low-caste), Marxist, and modernist critiques of his ideas, and reflections on his place in modern India and global circulation of his ideas over last six decades. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M174G. Indian Identity in U.S. and Diaspora

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M175B.) (Same as Asian American Studies M172A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of overseas Indian communities; transformations of Hinduism in diaspora; emergence of new diasporic art forms such as bhangra rap and chutney music; relations between Indians and other racial and ethnic groups; Indian women as embodiment of Indian culture; diasporic identities. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 175A. Cultural and Political History of Contemporary South Asia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Problem of modernity; partition of India and emergence of Pakistan; political, social, ecological, and women's movements; struggle for rights and conflicts of identity among Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs; terrorism in Sri Lanka and Punjab; public culture, popular cinema, and street life. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 175C. Special Topics in Contemporary Indian History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Treatment of major issues in history of contemporary India. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 176A. History of Southeast Asia to 1815

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Political and cultural history of peoples of Southeast Asia from earliest times to about 1815. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 176B. History of Southeast Asia: Southeast Asia since 1815

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of modern Southeast Asia, with emphasis on expansion of European influence in political and economic spheres, growth of nationalism, and process of decolonization. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 176C. Philippine History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Social, cultural, and political history of Philippine societies from Spanish conquest through independence. Emphasis on questions of identity under colonialism, understanding Revolutions of 1896 and 1898, and politics of Philippine nationalist discourse. Readings include introduction to major issues in Philippine historiography and literature. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 176E. Vietnam: Past and Present

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of history and culture of Vietnam from about 700 B.C. to present, including political, social, and economic developments as well as international relations in post-1954 period. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 177A. National Histories of Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Variable topics with focus on history of one or more of Southeast Asia's nation-states: Indonesia, East Timor, Thailand, Cambodia, Burma, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Philippines, Vietnam. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 177B. Comparative Histories of Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Variable topics with focus on history of Southeast Asia from thematic or comparative perspective. Topics may include history of human rights in Southeast Asia, gender and sexuality in island Southeast Asia, and economic history of Southeast Asia. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 179A. History of Medicine: Historic Roots of Healing Arts

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to traditions, practices, goals, and myths of Western healing professions from time of ancient Greeks to Renaissance. Topics range from Hippocrates, Galen, and scholars at Alexandria to healing at Epidaurus and Salerno, contributions of medieval Muslim and Jewish doctors, rise of healing professions, medical faculties, nursing orders, and hospitals. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 179B. History of Medicine: Foundations of Modern Medicine

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Cultural, scientific, and social context that shaped modern medicine from Renaissance to Romantic era. Topics include establishment of anatomy, physiology, and modern clinical medicine, mapping of human body, medical approach to mental illness, rise of anatomo-clinical method at Paris School. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 179C. Medicine and Society in 20th-Century America

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Sociohistorical look at changes in medical science, health and disease, and treatment practices in 20th century within context of development of hospitals and research institutions and of changing American society. Particular topics include antibodies and other wonder drugs, cancer research and treatment, mental illness, patient activism, and genetic medicine. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 180A. Topics in History of Science

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics may include science and colonialism, science and religion, environmental history, science in Enlightenment, development of theory of evolution, science and public policy, public nature of science. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M180B. Historical Perspectives on Gender and Science

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M180B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Historical cases illustrating how gender enters practices and concepts of science. Topics include gendered conceptions of nature, persona of man of science, role of women in scientific revolution, scientific investigations of women and feminine. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 180C. Science and Technology in 20th Century

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Development of science and technology and their impact on society. Industrialization, global scientific community, social Darwinism, atomic bomb and nuclear proliferation, Cold War and American science, environmentalism, molecular biology and genetic engineering. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M181. Topics in Jewish History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M181.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of major issues in Jewish history. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M181SL. Jewish Thought, Politics, and Ethics: From Theory to Practice

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M188SL.) (Same as Jewish Studies M181SL.) Lecture, three hours; fieldwork, two hours. Designed for juniors/seniors. History of Los Angeles, with special emphasis on pivotal roles Jews have played in shaping Los Angeles and role that Los Angeles has played in reshaping of Jewish identities, communities, and cultures. Exploration of themes related to regionalism in American Jewish history, comparative immigration and migration patterns, and frontiers and borderlands, while providing overview of historical methodologies and interpretation. Examination of ethical and methodological implications of writing history in digital age and learning how to read and analyze these new media works as primary and secondary historical texts. Opportunity to contribute to body of historical work related to Los Angeles Jewish history through required service work with community partners and development of digital public history projects. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M182A. Ancient Jewish History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M182A and Religion M182A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of social, political, and religious developments. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M182B. Medieval Jewish History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M182B and Religion M182B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of unfolding of Jewish history from rise of Christianity to expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M182C. Modern Jewish History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M182C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of early modern Jewish history beginning with enormously repercussive expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492, followed by transformations in Jewish society and identity over five centuries in Europe and Middle East, and concluding with nationalism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 183A. Third Reich and Jews

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. History of modern anti-Semitic ideologies and movements. Rise of national socialism in Germany. Development and execution of Nazi anti-Jewish policy to outbreak of World War II. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 183B. Third Reich and Jews

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Second World War. Implementation of Nazi plans for extermination of Jews in Nazi-dominated Europe. Life in Nazi-imposed ghettos. Forms of Jewish resistance. Fate of Jewish populations in occupied territories. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M184A. Jewish Civilization: Encounter with Great World Cultures

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M184A and Religion M184A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of dynamic and millennia-old interaction of Jews with great world cultures. Creative adaptations that have lent Jewish culture its distinct and various forms. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M184B. History of Anti-Semitism

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M184B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Survey of origins and historical development of anti-Semitism. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M184C. American Jewish Experience

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M184C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Experience of Jews in America, both historical and contemporary. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M184D. History of Zionism and State of Israel

    Units: 4

    (Same as Jewish Studies M184D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Examination of history of State of Israel from 1948 to present. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 185A. History of Religions: Myth

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Nature and function of myth in history of religion and culture. Examples selected from nonliterate as well as from other Asian and European traditions. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 185B. Religions of South and Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics vary from year to year and include religion of Veda; Brahmanism; (later) Hinduism. Consult Schedule of Classes for specifics. May be taken independently for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 185C. Religions of South and Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics vary from year to year and include Buddhism in India; religions of Java and Bali; nonliterate traditions of India and Southeast Asia. Consult Schedule of Classes for specifics. May be taken independently for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M185D. Religions of Ancient Near East

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M185D and Religion M185D.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Main polytheistic systems of ancient Near East, with emphasis on Mesopotamia and Syria and with reference to religion of ancient Israel: varying concepts of divinity, hierarchies of gods, prayer and cult, magics, wisdom, and moral conduct. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 185E. Special Topics in History of Religions

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Topics announced in "Schedule of Classes" and include ancient Germanic cults; Renaissance mysticism; mystics of low countries; goddesses; religion in secular age. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units with topic and/or instructor change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M185F. History of Early Christians

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M186A.) (Same as Religion M186A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Christian movement from its origins to circa 160 C.E., stressing its continuity/discontinuity with Judaism, various responses to Jesus of Nazareth, writings produced during this period, movement's encounters with its religious, social, and political world, and methods of research. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M185G. Religious Environment of Early Christians

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M186B.) (Same as Religion M186B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Rich variety in religious practice and thought in Mediterranean world of 1st century C.E. as in context of developing Christian movement. Topics include Pharisees, Qumran, Philo, Stoics, Epicureans, traditional Greek and Roman religions, mysteries, astrology, magic, gnosticism, and emperor-worship. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M185I. Jesus of Nazareth in Historical Research

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M186C.) (Same as Religion M186C.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Recommended preparation: course M185F. Designed for juniors/seniors. Stimulated by significant post-Enlightenment historical evaluations, students are led into firsthand knowledge (in translation) of various multilayered sources for reconstruction of life, teaching, and initial impact of Jesus of Nazareth in his social, economic, political, and religious contexts. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M186A. Women and Gender, Prehistory to 1792

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M187A.) (Same as Gender Studies M186A.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Exploration of history of women, gender, and sexuality from prehistory to 1792. First half deals with period before written history and asks when did gender appear? How and why did patriarchy develop? Topics include evolution of women's bodies, appearance of gender, women's contribution to Neolithic revolution, significance of Goddess artifacts, creation myths, and women and sexuality in different religions. Consideration of effects of European conquest on Mesoamerican women, women's power in monarchies, gender dimensions of Atlantic slavery, and first manifestations of feminist consciousness in second half. Objects or texts created by women examined or read throughout. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M186B. Global Feminism, 1850 to Present

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered M187B.) (Same as Gender Studies M186B.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Designed for juniors/seniors. Introduction to movements for women's rights (educational, political, economic, sexual, and reproductive) around world and over one and one half centuries. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187A. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: Ancient History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187B. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: Medieval

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187C. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187D. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: U.S.

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187E. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: Latin America

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187G. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: East Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187M. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187N. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar - India

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187O. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: World History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 187R. Variable Topics Historiography Proseminar: Japan

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Proseminar on historiography involving close reading and critical discussion of secondary scholarship and primary sources on selected topics. Reading, discussion, and analytical writing culminating in one or several historiographical essays. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 188. Special Courses in History

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Departmentally sponsored experimental or temporary courses, such as those taught by visiting faculty members. May be repeated for credit with topic change. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 188SA. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced corequisite: Honors Collegium 101E. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor to discuss selected USIE seminar topic, conduct preparatory research, and begin preparation of syllabus. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

  • 188SB. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced requisite: course 188SA. Enforced corequisite: Honors Collegium 101E. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor to finalize course syllabus. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

  • 188SC. Individual Studies for USIE Facilitators

    Units: 2

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Enforced requisite: course 188SB. Limited to junior/senior USIE facilitators. Individual study in regularly scheduled meetings with faculty mentor while facilitating USIE 88S course. Individual contract with faculty mentor required. May not be repeated. Letter grading.

  • 189. Advanced Honors Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 189HC. Honors Contracts

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

  • 191A. Capstone Seminar: History -- Ancient History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191B. Capstone Seminar: History -- Medieval

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191C. Capstone Seminar: History -- Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191D. Capstone Seminar: History -- U.S.

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M191DC. CAPPP Washington, DC, Research Seminars

    Units: 8

    (Same as Communication M191DC, Political Science M191DC, and Sociology M191DC.) Seminar, three hours; laboratory, 24 hours. Limited to CAPPP Program students. Seminars for undergraduate students in Center for American Politics and Public Policy's program in Washington, DC. Focus on development and execution of original empirical research based on experiences from Washington, DC-based field placements. Study of variety of qualitative methods (observation, interviewing, etc.), with comparison to quantitative analysis. Examination of features of solid and significant research; intensive writing. Letter grading.

  • 191E. Capstone Seminar: History -- Latin America

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191F. Capstone Seminar: History -- Near East

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191G. Capstone Seminar: History -- East Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191I. Capstone Seminar: History -- Science/Technology

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191J. Capstone Seminar: History -- Africa

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191K. Capstone Seminar: History -- Religion

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191L. Capstone Seminar: History -- Jewish History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191M. Capstone Seminar: History -- Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191N. Capstone Seminar: History -- India

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191O. Capstone Seminar: History -- World History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191P. Capstone Seminar: History -- Historical Theory

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191Q. Capstone Seminar: History -- Digital History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 191R. Capstone Seminar: History -- Japan

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for seniors. Limited to 15 students meeting with faculty member. Organized on topics basis with reading, discussion, and development of culminating project. May be repeated once for credit. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M194DC. CAPPP Washington, DC, Research Seminars

    Units: 4

    (Same as Political Science M194DC and Sociology M194DC.) Seminar, three hours. Limited to CAPPP Quarter in Washington students and other students enrolled in UC Washington Center programs. Seminars for undergraduate students in Center for American Politics and Public Policy's program in Washington, DC. Focus on development and execution of original empirical research based on experiences from Washington, DC-based field placements. Study of variety of qualitative methods (observation, interviewing, etc.), with comparison to quantitative analysis. Examination of features of solid and significant research; intensive writing. Letter grading.

  • 195. Community or Corporate Internships in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Internship in supervised setting in community agency or business. Students meet on regular basis with instructor and provide periodic reports of their experience. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract with Center for Community Learning required. P/NP grading.

  • 195CE. Community and Corporate Internships in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, to be arranged; fieldwork, eight to 10 hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Internship in corporate, governmental, or nonprofit setting coordinated through Center for Community Learning. Students complete weekly written assignments, attend biweekly meetings with graduate student coordinator, and write final research paper. Faculty sponsor and graduate student coordinator construct series of reading assignments that examine issues related to internship site using historical methods. May not be applied toward major requirements. May be repeated for credit with consent of Center for Community Learning. Individual contract with supervising faculty member required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • M195DC. CAPPP Washington, DC, Internships

    Units: 4

    (Same as Political Science M195DC and Sociology M195DC.) Tutorial, four hours. Limited to junior/senior CAPPP Program students. Internships in Washington, DC, through Center for American Politics and Public Policy. Students meet on regular basis with instructor and provide periodic reports of their experience. Individual contract with supervising faculty member required. P/NP grading.

  • 197. Individual Studies in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Individual intensive study, with scheduled meetings to be arranged between faculty member and student. Assigned reading and tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 198A. Honors Research in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Course 198A is requisite to 198B, which is requisite to 198C. Limited to juniors/seniors. Development of honors thesis or comprehensive research project under direct supervision of faculty member. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units. Individual contract required. Letter grading.

  • 198B. Honors Research in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Requisite: course 198A. Limited to juniors/seniors. Continued development of honors thesis or comprehensive research project under direct supervision of faculty member. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units. Individual contract required. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 198C).

  • 198C. Honors Research in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Requisite: course 198B. Limited to juniors/seniors. Completion of honors thesis or comprehensive research project under direct supervision of faculty member. May be repeated for maximum of 16 units. Individual contract required. Letter grading.

  • 199. Directed Research in History

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper or project required. May be repeated for credit; History majors limited to 8 units. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 200A. Advanced Historiography: Ancient Greece

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200B. Advanced Historiography: Ancient Rome

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200C. Advanced Historiography: Medieval

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200D. Advanced Historiography: Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200H. Advanced Historiography: U.S.

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200I. Advanced Historiography: Latin America

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200J. Advanced Historiography: Near East

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200K. Advanced Historiography: India

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200L. Advanced Historiography: China

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200M. Advanced Historiography: Japan

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200N. Advanced Historiography: Africa

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200O. Advanced Historiography: Science/Technology

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200P. Advanced Historiography: History of Religions

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200Q. Advanced Historiography: Theory of History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200R. Advanced Historiography: Jewish History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200S. Advanced Historiography: Armenia and Caucasus

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200T. Advanced Historiography: Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • 200U. Advanced Historiography: Psychohistory

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit.

  • M200V. Advanced Historiography: African American

    Units: 4

    (Same as African American Studies M200A.) Seminar, three hours. May be repeated for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • M200W. Advanced Historiography: American Indian Peoples

    Units: 4

    (Same as American Indian Studies M200A.) Lecture, 90 minutes; seminar, 90 minutes. Introduction to culture-histories of North American Indians and review of Indian concepts of history. Stereotypical approach to content and methodologies related to Indian past that is interdisciplinary and multicultural in its scope. Letter grading.

  • 200X. Advanced Historiography: Oral History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Introduction to practice, method, and theory of oral history.

  • 200Y. Advanced Historiography: Application of Economics to History

    Units: 4

    Discussion, three hours.

  • 200Z. Advanced Historiography: Chicano

    Units: 4

    Discussion, three hours. Graduate survey of leading literature in Chicano history, with emphasis on new methodological and theoretical approaches in the field.

  • 201A. Topics in History: Ancient Greece

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201B. Topics in History: Ancient Rome

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201C. Topics in History: Medieval

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201D. Topics in History: Early Modern Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201E. Topics in History: Modern Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201F. Topics in History: Russia/Eastern Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201G. Topics in History: Britain

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201H. Topics in History: U.S.

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201I. Topics in History: Latin America

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201J. Topics in History: Near East

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201K. Topics in History: India

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201L. Topics in History: China

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201M. Topics in History: Japan

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201N. Topics in History: Africa

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201O. Topics in History: Science/Technology

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201P. Topics in History: History of Religions

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201Q. Topics in History: Theory of History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201R. Topics in History: Jewish History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201S. Topics in History: Armenia and Caucasus

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201T. Topics in History: Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201U. Topics in History: Psychohistory

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201V. Topics in History: Digital History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 201W. Topics in History: World

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate course involving reading, lecturing, and discussion of selected topics. May be repeated for credit. When concurrently scheduled with course 191, undergraduates must obtain consent of instructor to enroll. S/U or letter grading.

  • 202A. Seminar: Comparative Modern Economic History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 202A is requisite to 202B. Designed for graduate students. Study of problems of modern economics in the 19th and 20th centuries, including such topics as industrialization, growth, demography, development, and economic change. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 202B).

  • 202B. Seminar: Comparative Modern Economic History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 202A. Designed for graduate students. Study of problems of modern economics in the 19th and 20th centuries, including such topics as industrialization, growth, demography, development, and economic change. Letter grading.

  • 203A. Social Theory and Comparative History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three and one half hours every other week. Introduction to historically rooted social theory and theoretically sensitive history, following program of Center for Social Theory and Comparative History. May be taken independently for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • 203B. Social Theory and Comparative History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three and one half hours every other week. Introduction to historically rooted social theory and theoretically sensitive history, following program of Center for Social Theory and Comparative History. May be taken independently for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • 203C. Theories in Cultural History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Introduction to social, linguistic, semiotic, or other new interpretive theories and practices developed in other fields and applied to historical material. Letter grading.

  • 204A. Departmental Seminar: Approaches, Methods, Debates, Practices

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered 204.) Seminar, three hours. Required of all first-year departmental graduate students. Introduction to range of important methodological approaches and theoretical debates about writing of history that are influential across fields, geographical contexts, and temporal periods to stimulate conversation and connection across fields, inviting students to think collectively and expansively about study and praxis of history. Introduction to sampling of scholarship produced by department faculty members with whom students may work. S/U or letter grading.

  • 204B. Departmental Seminar: Many Professions of History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Professional development seminar with practicum component. Focus primarily on exploring and demonstrating ways in which skills of historians are transferable to variety of professions and exercised in diverse ways and roles. Discussion of actual and possible roles and responsibilities of historians in 21st-century society. Examination of where historians have been, where they are now, where they can be, and where they should be as highly educated, actively engaged members of society. Collaborative project required. S/U or letter grading.

  • 205A. History Department Professional Development Seminar

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Course 205A is requisite to 205B. Limited to history doctoral students. Introduction to issues in professional development of students in History Ph.D. program. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 205B).

  • 205B. History Department Professional Development Seminar

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Requisite: course 205A. Limited to history doctoral students. Introduction to issues in professional development of students in History Ph.D. program. S/U grading.

  • 206A. Seminar: Near East History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 206A is requisite to 206B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 206B).

  • 206B. Seminar: Near East History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 206A. Letter grading.

  • C208A. Variable Topics: Interdisciplinary Studies

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course C208A is not requisite to C208B. Topics may include gender, world history, masculinity, and economic history. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Concurrently scheduled with course C101A. S/U or letter grading.

  • C208B. Variable Topics: Interdisciplinary Studies

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour (when scheduled). Course C208A is not requisite to C208B. Topics may include gender, world history, masculinity, and economic history. May be repeated for credit with topic change. Concurrently scheduled with course C101B. S/U or letter grading.

  • M210. Topics in Ancient Iranian History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Ancient Near East M208 and Iranian M210.) Seminar, three hours. Varying topics on Elamite, Achaemenid, Arsacid, and Sasanian history. May be repeated for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • 211A. Seminar: Armenian History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 211A is requisite to 211B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 211B).

  • 211B. Seminar: Armenian History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 211A. Letter grading.

  • 212. Methods in Armenian Oral History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Uses and techniques of Armenian oral history; preinterview, interview, and postinterview procedures; methods of compilation and evaluation. Field assignments, interviews, and summaries and/or paper based on interviews. S/U or letter grading.

  • 213A. History of Women, Men, Sexuality

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Readings include historiography and theory, as well as classic and new historical studies drawn widely from U.S., European, Latin American, Middle Eastern, and Asian history to have diversity of interests and perspectives represented and discussed. S/U or letter grading.

  • 213B. History of Women, Men, Sexuality

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Enforced requisite: course 213A. Research, analysis, drafting, and rewriting of student final papers. S/U or letter grading.

  • 213C. History of Women, Men, and Sexuality Historiography

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to graduate students. Exposure to newest branch of gender history: study of masculinity. Focus not on men per se, but on values, practices, and texts that constitute masculinity as one gender. Readings focus on broad range of chronological periods from antiquity to 20th century and geographical areas including Americas, Asia, Europe, and Middle East. S/U or letter grading.

  • 214. Topics in World History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate seminar utilizing world-historical perspective to examine variety of broad themes in human history. Topics vary annually. Letter grading.

  • 215A. Seminar: Ancient History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 215A is requisite to 215B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 215B).

  • 215B. Seminar: Ancient History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 215A. Letter grading.

  • 216A. Seminar: Byzantine History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 216A is requisite to 216B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 216B).

  • 216B. Seminar: Byzantine History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 216A. Letter grading.

  • 217. Sources and Handbooks of Medieval History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Preparation: reading knowledge of German or French. Introduction to types of medieval source materials and the handbooks needed to use them.

  • M218. Paleography of Latin and Vernacular Manuscripts, 900 to 1500

    Units: 4

    (Same as Classics M218, English M215, and French M210.) Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Introduction to history of Latin and vernacular manuscript book from 900 to 1500 to (1) train students to make informed judgments with regard to place and date of origin, (2) provide training in accurate reading and transcription of later medieval scripts, and (3) examine manuscript book as witness to changing society that produced it. Focus on relationship between Latin manuscripts and vernacular manuscripts with regard to their respective presentation of written texts. S/U or letter grading.

  • 221A. Seminar: Medieval History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 221A is requisite to 221B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 221B).

  • 221B. Seminar: Medieval History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 221A. Letter grading.

  • 225. Colloquium for Entering Graduate Students in Modern European History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Normally limited to and required of all modern European history graduate students. Introduction to topics, methods, and historiography of modern European history.

  • 226A. Seminar: Italian Renaissance

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 226A is requisite to 226B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 226B).

  • 226B. Seminar: Italian Renaissance

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 226A. Letter grading.

  • 227A. Seminar: Reformation

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 227A is requisite to 227B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 227B).

  • 227B. Seminar: Reformation

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 227A. Letter grading.

  • 229A. Seminar: Early Modern European History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 229A is requisite to 229B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 229B).

  • 229B. Seminar: Early Modern European History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 229A. Letter grading.

  • M230A. Seminar: Modern European History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Art History M230B.) Seminar, three hours. Course M230A is enforced requisite to M230B. May be repeated for credit with consent of adviser. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course M230B).

  • M230B. Seminar: Modern European History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Art History M230C.) Seminar, three hours. Enforced requisite: course M230A. May be repeated for credit with consent of adviser. Letter grading.

  • 231A. Seminar: Modern European Intellectual and Cultural History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 231A is requisite to 231B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 231A).

  • 231B. Seminar: Modern European Intellectual and Cultural History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 231A. Letter grading.

  • 232A. Seminar: French History of 19th and 20th Centuries

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 232A is requisite to 232B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 232B).

  • 232B. Seminar: French History of 19th and 20th Centuries

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 232A. Letter grading.

  • 233A. Seminar: Russian/Soviet History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 233A is requisite to 233B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 233B).

  • 233B. Seminar: Russian/Soviet History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 233A. Letter grading.

  • 234A. Seminar: Modern History of Spain, Portugal, and Italy

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 234A is requisite to 234B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 234B).

  • 234B. Seminar: Modern History of Spain, Portugal, and Italy

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 234A. Letter grading.

  • 235A. Economic History of Europe, 1780 to 1939

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 235A is requisite to 235B. Analysis of internationalization of European world economy, emergence of Western core and its relation with European peripheries. Comparative analysis on different regions, stressing main characteristics of postwar European economy. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 235B).

  • 235B. Economic History of Europe, 1780 to 1939

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 235A. Analysis of internationalization of European world economy, emergence of Western core and its relation with European peripheries. Comparative analysis on different regions, stressing main characteristics of postwar European economy. Letter grading.

  • 235C. Economic History of 20th-Century Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 235C is requisite to 235D. Cyclical trend, various economic regimes, and integration process of Europe. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 235D).

  • 235D. Economic History of 20th-Century Europe

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 235C. Cyclical trend, various economic regimes, and integration process of Europe. Letter grading.

  • M236A. Proseminar: Political Psychology

    Units: 4

    (Same as Political Science M261A and Psychology M228A.) Seminar, three hours. Introduction to political psychology: psychobiography, personality and politics, mass attitudes, group conflict, political communication, and elite decision making.

  • 236B. Seminar: Psychohistory

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 236B is requisite to 236C. Exploration of individual and group psychological processes and their uses in historical research. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 236C).

  • 236C. Seminar: Psychohistory

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 236B. Exploration of individual and group psychological processes and their uses in historical research. Letter grading.

  • 239A. Seminar: English History -- Middle Ages

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 239A is requisite to 239B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 239B).

  • 239B. Seminar: English History -- Middle Ages

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 239A. Letter grading.

  • 240A. Seminar: English History -- Modern History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 240A is requisite to 240B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 240B).

  • 240B. Seminar: English History -- Modern History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 240A. Letter grading.

  • 241A. Seminar: German History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 241A is requisite to 241B. Designed for graduate students. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 241B).

  • 241B. Seminar: German History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 241A. Designed for graduate students. Letter grading.

  • 242. Colloquium: European History

    Units: 2

    Designed for graduate students. Forum for critical discussion of work of students and invited scholars. Presentation of student dissertation prospectuses during their third or fourth year in residence. S/U grading for students presenting papers.

  • 244A. Seminar: British Empire History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 244A is requisite to 244B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 244B).

  • 244B. Seminar: British Empire History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 244A. Letter grading.

  • 245. Colloquium: U.S. History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Normally limited to and required of all entering graduate students in U.S. history. Critical introduction to historical method, with emphasis on new methodological and conceptual approaches, use of source materials, and current state of U.S. historiography.

  • 246A. Introduction to U.S. History: Colonial Period

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate survey of significant literature dealing with U.S. history from the Colonial period to the present. Each course may be taken independently for credit.

  • 246B. Introduction to U.S. History: 1790 to 1900

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate survey of significant literature dealing with U.S. history from the Colonial period to the present. Each course may be taken independently for credit.

  • 246C. Introduction to U.S. History: 20th Century

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Graduate survey of significant literature dealing with U.S. history from the Colonial period to the present. Each course may be taken independently for credit.

  • 247A. Seminar: Early American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 247A is requisite to 247B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 247B).

  • 247B. Seminar: Early American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 247A. Letter grading.

  • M248. Anthropology and History of Mediterranean

    Units: 4

    (Same as Anthropology M248 and Near Eastern Languages M248.) Seminar, three hours. Introduction to historical and anthropological writings about Mediterranean. Draws on variety of classic and contemporary theories, histories, and ethnographies about Mediterranean Sea. Topics include geographical and imaginary boundaries, Mediterranean honor/shame concepts, colonial and post-colonial Mediterranean, Levantinism, thalassology, Mediterraneanism, French Mediterraneans, Jewish Mediterranean, colonial and post-colonial sea and migrants and mobilities. Focus on critical history of anthropological study of Mediterranean and scholarly literature that emphasizes southern shores of Mediterranean. Letter grading.

  • 249A. Seminar: Jacksonian America

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 249A is requisite to 249B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 249B).

  • 249B. Seminar: Jacksonian America

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 249A. Letter grading.

  • 250A. Seminar: U.S. History of Middle 19th Century

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 250A is requisite to 250B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 250B).

  • 250B. Seminar: U.S. History of Middle 19th Century

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 250A. Letter grading.

  • 251A. Collaborative Research Seminar: American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 251A is requisite to 251B. Research seminar taught jointly by two faculty members. Common readings and development of individual research projects. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 251B).

  • 251B. Collaborative Research Seminar: American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 251A. Research seminar taught jointly by two faculty members. Research, writing, and critical discussion of draft papers. Letter grading.

  • 252A. Seminar: Recent U.S. History to 1930

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 252A is requisite to 252B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 252B).

  • 252B. Seminar: Recent U.S. History to 1930

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 252A. Letter grading.

  • 253A. Seminar: Recent U.S. History since 1930

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 253A is requisite to 253B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 253B).

  • 253B. Seminar: Recent U.S. History since 1930

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 253A. Letter grading.

  • 254A. Seminar: U.S. Social and/or Intellectual History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 254A is requisite to 254B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 254B).

  • 254B. Seminar: U.S. Social and/or Intellectual History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 254A. Letter grading.

  • 255A. Business Enterprise and American Culture

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 255A is requisite to 255B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 255B).

  • 255B. Business Enterprise and American Culture

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 255A. Letter grading.

  • 256A. Seminar: America in World

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 256A is requisite to 256B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 256B).

  • 256B. Seminar: America in World

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 256A. Letter grading.

  • 257A. Seminar: U.S. Urban History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 257A is requisite to 257B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 257B).

  • 257B. Seminar: U.S. Urban History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 257A. Letter grading.

  • 258A. Seminar: Working Class History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 258A is requisite to 258B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 258B).

  • 258B. Seminar: Working Class History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 258A. Letter grading.

  • M259A. History of Women

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M259A.) Seminar, three hours. Course M259A is requisite to M259B. History of women's social and political issues seen in U.S. and comparative context. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course M259B).

  • M259B. History of Women

    Units: 4

    (Same as Gender Studies M259B.) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course M259A. History of women's social and political issues seen in U.S. and comparative context. Letter grading.

  • 260A. Seminar: Native American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 260A is requisite to 260B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 260B).

  • 260B. Seminar: Native American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 260A. Letter grading.

  • M260C. Native American Revitalization Movements

    Units: 4

    (Same as Anthropology M238.) Lecture, two hours; discussion, one hour. Examination of revitalization movements among native peoples of North America (north of Mexico). Specific revitalization includes Handsome Lake, 1870 and 1890 Ghost Dances, and Peyote Religion. Letter grading.

  • 261A. Seminar: Afro-American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 261A is requisite to 261B. Social and political history of Afro-Americans, including emphasis on development and structure of race relations in America; racial concepts and dilemmas, black and white. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 261B).

  • 261B. Seminar: Afro-American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 261A. Social and political history of Afro-Americans, including emphasis on development and structure of race relations in America; racial concepts and dilemmas, black and white. Letter grading.

  • 262A. Seminar: Chicano History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 262A is requisite to 262B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 262B).

  • 262B. Seminar: Chicano History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 262A. Letter grading.

  • 263A. Seminar: History of American West

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 263A is requisite to 263B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 263B).

  • 263B. Seminar: History of American West

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 263A. Letter grading.

  • M264. History of American Education

    Units: 4

    (Same as Education M201C.) Discussion, three hours. History of educational thought and of social forces impinging on American education from 1880s to present. Analysis of relation between these ideas and forces, and aims and practices of American education today. S/U or letter grading.

  • 266A. Seminar: Colonial Latin American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 266A is requisite to 266B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 266B).

  • 266B. Seminar: Colonial Latin American History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 266A. Letter grading.

  • M266C. Analyzing Historical Texts

    Units: 4

    (Same as Linguistics M238.) Seminar, four hours. Designed for graduate students. Analysis of linguistic structure and ethnohistorical context of legal and other documents written by native-speaking scribes and translators. Topics include paleographic technique and text analysis software. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 267A. Seminar: Latin American History, 19th and 20th Centuries

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 267A is requisite to 267B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 267B).

  • 267B. Seminar: Latin American History, 19th and 20th Centuries

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 267A. Letter grading.

  • M268A. Seminar: Recent Latin American History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Latin American Studies M268A.) Seminar, three hours. Course M268A is requisite to M268B. Reading knowledge of Spanish and Portuguese normally required. Seminar devoted to selected topics of interdisciplinary nature. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course M268B).

  • M268B. Seminar: Recent Latin American History

    Units: 4

    (Same as Latin American Studies M268B.) Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course M268A. Reading knowledge of Spanish and Portuguese normally required. Seminar devoted to selected topics of interdisciplinary nature. Letter grading.

  • 275A. Colloquium: African History

    Units: 4

    (Formerly numbered 275.) Seminar, three hours. Designed for all entering and continuing graduate students in African history. Source identification, research methodologies, historiographical traditions, historical interpretation, approaches to teaching, and research design. Forum for critical discussion of dissertation prospectuses and work in progress. May be taken independently for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • 275B. Colloquium: African History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Designed for all entering and continuing graduate students in African history. Source identification, research methodologies, historiographical traditions, historical interpretation, approaches to teaching, and research design. Forum for critical discussion of dissertation prospectuses and work in progress. May be taken independently for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • M280. China Studies: Discipline, Methods, Debates

    Units: 2

    (Same as Chinese M202.) Seminar, two hours. Introduction to study of China as practiced in humanities and social sciences disciplines. S/U grading.

  • M281. China -- Seminar: Classical Historiography and Readings in Classical Studies

    Units: 4

    (Same as Chinese M201.) Discussion, three hours. Preparation: two years of classical Chinese or working knowledge of classical Chinese. Readings in historiography and selected genres of historical documents. Letter grading.

  • 282A. Seminar: Chinese History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 282A is requisite to 282B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 282B).

  • 282B. Seminar: Chinese History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 282A. Letter grading.

  • 285A. Seminar: Japanese History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 285A is requisite to 285B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 285B).

  • 285B. Seminar: Japanese History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 285A. Letter grading.

  • M286. Japan in Age of Empire

    Units: 4

    (Same as Anthropology M247P and Asian M292.) Seminar, three hours. Designed for graduate students. Since late 19th century, Japan expanded its empire into East and Southeast Asia. Coverage of that period and array of anthropological studies conducted in Japan's colonies and occupied areas in this hardly explored area of study of colonialism. S/U or letter grading.

  • M287. Central Asian Studies: Discipline, Methods, Debates

    Units: 2

    (Same as Anthropology M247Q and Near Eastern Languages M287.) Seminar, two hours. Introduction to study of central Asia as practiced in humanities and social sciences disciplines. S/U grading.

  • 288A. Seminar: South Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 288A is requisite to 288B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 288B).

  • 288B. Seminar: South Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 288A. Letter grading.

  • 289A. Seminar: Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 289A is requisite to 289B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 289B).

  • 289B. Seminar: Southeast Asia

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 289A. Letter grading.

  • 291A. Seminar: Jewish History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 291A is requisite to 291B. Studies in intellectual and social history of Jewish people from ancient times to modern period. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 291B).

  • 291B. Seminar: Jewish History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 291A. Studies in intellectual and social history of Jewish people from ancient times to modern period. Letter grading.

  • 293A. Seminar: History of Religions

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 293A is requisite to 293B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 293B).

  • 293B. Seminar: History of Religions

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 293A. Letter grading.

  • 294A. Western Science, Religion, and Political Economy, 1600 to 1830

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Study of science integrated within matrix of religious belief commonplace in early modern Europe and, to a lesser extent, in American colonies. Examination of relationship of both cultural matrices to political and economic change. S/U or letter grading.

  • 294B. Western Science, Religion, and Political Economy, 1600 to 1830

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Study of science integrated within matrix of religious belief commonplace in early modern Europe and, to a lesser extent, in American colonies. Examination of relationship of both cultural matrices to political and economic change. S/U or letter grading.

  • 295. Theories of Scientific Change

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Historical and philosophical perspectives on science, focusing on rationality of scientific change and logic and psychology of scientific discovery. Readings and seminar-style discussions of such authors as Popper, Kuhn, Toulmin, Lakatos, Holton, Buchdahl, Feyerabend, and others.

  • 297A. Seminar: History of Science

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Course 297A is requisite to 297B. In Progress grading (credit to be given only on completion of course 297B).

  • 297B. Seminar: History of Science

    Units: 4

    Seminar, three hours. Requisite: course 297A. Letter grading.

  • M298. Interdisciplinary Studies in 17th and 18th Centuries

    Units: 4

    (Same as English M298.) Discussion, four hours. Topics vary according to participating faculty. May be repeated for credit. S/U or letter grading.

  • M299. Interdisciplinary American Studies

    Units: 6

    (Same as English M299.) Discussion, four hours. Readings, discussion, and papers on common theme, team-taught by faculty members from different departments. Topics vary according to participating faculty. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructors. S/U or letter grading.

  • 375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum

    Units: 1 to 4

    Seminar, to be arranged. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at UCLA. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 490. Writing Workshop for Graduate Students

    Units: 4

    Tutorial, three hours. Writing workshop on students' papers-in-progress. Analysis and group discussion of rhetorical and stylistic principles, illustrated in students' own and in professional historians' work, help students improve their own writing. May be repeated once. S/U grading.

  • 495. Teaching History

    Units: 4

    Seminar, to be arranged. Designed for graduate students. Required of all new teaching assistants. Lectures, readings, discussions, and practice teaching sessions within the structure of a seminar. Students receive unit credit toward full-time equivalence but not toward the nine-course requirement for M.A. degree. S/U grading.

  • 501. Cooperative Program

    Units: 2 to 8

    Preparation: consent of UCLA graduate adviser and graduate dean, and host campus instructor, department chair, and graduate dean. Used to record enrollment of UCLA students in courses taken under cooperative arrangements with USC. S/U grading.

  • 596. Directed Studies

    Units: 1 to 8

    Limited to graduate students. Individual directed reading arranged with professor. M.A. candidates may take this course only once. Number of times Ph.D. candidates may take this course is subject to consent of graduate studies committee. S/U or letter grading.

  • 597. Directed Studies for Graduate Examinations

    Units: 1 to 8

    Preparation for comprehensive examination or Ph.D. qualifying examinations. S/U grading.

  • 599. Ph.D. Research and Writing

    Units: 1 to 8

    Preparation: advancement to Ph.D. candidacy. S/U grading.