• 3. Nature of Universe

    Units: 5

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, two hours. Not open to students with credit for or currently enrolled in course 81 or 82. No special mathematical preparation required beyond that necessary for admission to UCLA in freshman standing. Course for general UCLA students, normally not intending to major in physical sciences, on development of ideas in astronomy and what has been learned of nature of universe, including recent discoveries and developments. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 4. Black Holes and Cosmic Catastrophes

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Essentially nonmathematical course for general UCLA students that discusses black holes and related cosmic catastrophes. White dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes are compact objects formed in violent events that terminate lives of stars and are associated with some of most energetic and explosive phenomena in astronomy: planetary nebulae and novae (white dwarfs), supernovae, pulsars, galactic X-ray sources, and gamma ray bursts. Supermassive black holes form in nucleus of young galaxies, and gravitational accretion of matter onto black holes powers most energetic objects in universe -- quasars. Universe was born in ultimate cosmic explosion -- Big Bang -- that may have derived its energy from quantum mechanical vacuum. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 5. Life in Universe

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours; discussion, one hour. Preparation: prior introduction to astronomy. Life on Earth and prospects for life elsewhere in context of evolution of universe from simple to complex. Course material primarily from astronomy and biology but includes some chemistry, geology, and physics. Selected topics treated in some depth, but with little or no formal mathematics. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 6. Cosmology: Our Changing Concepts of Universe

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Exposition of ideas about structure and evolution of universe and its contents. Special and general relativity; black holes, neutron stars, and other endpoints of stellar evolution. Expanding universe, cosmic microwave background radiation, dark matter. Big Bang and inflation. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 7. Astronomy and Media

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour; laboratory, one hour. Designed to help nonmajors develop skills to continually learn about science through media. Detailed study of research currently in media, including meteor impacts, greenhouse effect, NASA, cosmology, and extraterrestrial life. Investigation of forces that influence science reporting. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 19. Fiat Lux Freshman Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, one hour. Discussion of and critical thinking about topics of current intellectual importance, taught by faculty members in their areas of expertise and illuminating many paths of discovery at UCLA. P/NP grading.

  • 81. Astrophysics I: Stars and Nebulae

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisites: Mathematics 31A, 31B, and Physics 1A or 1AH. Open to qualified sophomore and upper division students. Survey of our knowledge about stars: their distances, masses, luminosities, temperatures, and interrelations between these parameters. Methods and importance for astrophysics. Variable stars. Planetary and gaseous nebulae. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 82. Astrophysics II: Stellar Evolution, Galaxies, and Cosmology

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisites: Mathematics 31A, 31B, and Physics 1A or 1AH. Recommended: course 81, Physics 1B and 1C (or 1BH and 1CH). Open to qualified sophomore and upper division students. Basic principles of stellar structure and evolution. Red giants, white dwarfs, novae, supernovae, neutron stars, and black holes. Pulsars and galactic X-ray sources. Milky Way galaxy and interstellar medium. Extragalactic astronomy, galaxy clustering, active galactic nuclei, and quasars. Introduction to cosmology: Hubble law, thermal history of Big Bang, and earliest moments of universe. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 88A. Lower Division Seminar: Cosmic Evolution

    Units: 2

    Seminar, two hours. Limited to freshmen. Varied astronomical and physical processes of evolution; discussion of how, over billions of years, basic mechanisms of cosmic evolution have transformed universe from fiery origin at Big Bang into abode for intelligent life. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 89. Honors Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to lower division lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 89HC. Honors Contracts

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to lower division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

  • 99. Student Research Program

    Units: 1 to 2

    Tutorial (supervised research or other scholarly work), three hours per week per unit. Entry-level research for lower division students under guidance of faculty mentor. Students must be in good academic standing and enrolled in minimum of 12 units (excluding this course). Individual contract required; consult Undergraduate Research Center. May be repeated. P/NP grading.

  • 115. Statistical Mechanics and Its Application to Astrophysics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisites: Mathematics 32B, 33A, 33B, Physics 1A, 1B, and 1C (or 1AH, 1BH, and 1CH). Particle distributions, partition functions, black body radiation, Saha equation, degeneracy. Applications to stellar atmospheres, stellar interiors, and interstellar medium. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 117. Radiation and Fluids in Astrophysics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Requisite: course 115. Designed for junior/senior Astrophysics and Physics majors. Emission and absorption of radiation by matter, spectroscopy, spectral lines, and radiative transfer. Hydrodynamics and shock waves. Applications to stars, to interstellar and intergalactic media, and to early universe. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 127. Stellar Atmospheres, Interiors, and Evolution

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Recommended requisites: courses 115, 117. Designed for senior Astrophysics and Physics majors. Physical conditions in stellar interiors. Energy production in stars. Stellar evolution from star formation through normally observed stages to white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Novae, supernovae, other variable stars, chromospheres and coronae of sun and stars. Evolution of binary stars. Analysis of stellar atmospheres. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 140. Stellar Systems and Cosmology

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours; discussion, one hour. Designed for senior Astrophysics and Physics majors. Properties of star clusters and galaxies, with particular emphasis on Milky Way galaxy. Clusters and superclusters of galaxies. Extragalactic distance scale. Quasars and active galaxies. Topics in cosmology, including expansion of universe, microwave background, galaxy formation from primordial fluctuations, and observational constraints on Big Bang. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 180. Astrophysics Laboratory

    Units: 4

    Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours. Designed for juniors/seniors in Astrophysics, Physics, or related field. Lectures cover statistical methods in astrophysics, one- and two-dimensional random processes, and numerical methods. Laboratory experiments involve radio astronomy, interferometry, narrowband solar imaging, and visual photometry. Emphasis on use of computers for automatic collection of data and for processing two-dimensional astronomical images. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 189. Advanced Honors Seminars

    Units: 1

    Seminar, three hours. Limited to 20 students. Designed as adjunct to undergraduate lecture course. Exploration of topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities and led by lecture course instructor. May be applied toward honors credit for eligible students. Honors content noted on transcript. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 189HC. Honors Contracts

    Units: 1

    Tutorial, three hours. Limited to students in College Honors Program. Designed as adjunct to upper division lecture course. Individual study with lecture course instructor to explore topics in greater depth through supplemental readings, papers, or other activities. May be repeated for maximum of 4 units. Individual honors contract required. Honors content noted on transcript. Letter grading.

  • 190. Research Colloquia in Astrophysics

    Units: 2

    Seminar, two hours. Designed to bring together students undertaking supervised tutorial research in seminar setting with one or more faculty members to discuss their own work or related work in discipline. Led by one supervising faculty member. May be repeated for credit. P/NP grading.

  • 194. Research Group Seminars: Astrophysics

    Units: 1

    Research group meeting, one hour. Designed for undergraduate students who are part of research group/laboratory. Discussion of research of faculty members or students with regard to understanding methodology in field and/or laboratory equipment. May be repeated for credit. P/NP grading.

  • 196. Research Apprenticeship in Astrophysics

    Units: 2 to 4

    Tutorial, three hours per week per unit. Limited to juniors/seniors with overall 3.0 grade-point average. Entry-level research apprenticeship for upper division students under guidance of faculty mentor. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP grading.

  • 197. Individual Studies in Astronomy

    Units: 2 to 4

    Tutorial, four hours. Limited to juniors/seniors. Individual intensive study, with scheduled meetings to be arranged between faculty member and student. Assigned reading and tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 198. Honors Research in Astrophysics

    Units: 2 to 4

    Tutorial, 12 hours. Limited to juniors/seniors with minimum overall 3.0 grade-point average. Development and completion of honors thesis or comprehensive research project under direct supervision of faculty member. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. Letter grading.

  • 199. Directed Research or Senior Project in Astronomy

    Units: 2 to 4

    Tutorial, two hours. Limited to junior/senior Astrophysics and Physics majors. Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper required. May be repeated for credit. Individual contract required. P/NP or letter grading.

  • 270. Astrophysical Dynamics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Orbital dynamics: two-body problem, three-body problem, resonances, tides, migration. Galactic potentials. Milky Way structure and observed properties of galaxies. Collisionless Boltzmann equation and relaxation processes. Stability of stellar systems. Spiral structure. Letter grading.

  • 271A. Electromagnetic Radiation in Astrophysics I

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Fundamentals of radiation field and Maxwell equations. Covariant formulation of fields and particles. Fundamentals of radiative transfer. Radiation from accelerated charges and mechanisms of continuous radiation. Line radiation. Thermal, statistical, and ionization equilibrium. Letter grading.

  • 271B. Electromagnetic Radiation in Astrophysics II

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Advanced topics in radiation relevant to astrophysics. Radiative scattering and diffusion. Radiative transfer in extended media. Curve of growth analysis and abundance determinations. Photo-dissociation, line emission, radiative recombination cross-sections. Dust processes. Polarized light, Stokes parameters. Letter grading.

  • 272. Stellar Astrophysics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Observations of stars. Equations of stellar structure and stellar models. Nuclear energy sources. Star formation. Binary stars. Main sequence stellar evolution. Compact objects: white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes. Brown dwarfs. Letter grading.

  • 273. Diffuse Matter in Space

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Basic equations of fluid dynamics with applications to shocks, winds, and accretion. Fluid instabilities. Fundamentals of magnetohydrodynamics. Interstellar medium: molecular clouds, warm and hot phases of interstellar medium, HII regions. Particulate interstellar matter. Letter grading.

  • 274. Extragalactic Astrophysics I

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Observational foundations of Big Bang. Friedmann equation. Cosmic inflation. Cosmic microwave background. Big Bang nucleosynthesis. Structure formation. Observations and theory of galaxy evolution. Galaxy clusters. Intergalactic medium. Letter grading.

  • 275. Extragalactic Astrophysics II

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Perturbation theory in expanding universe. Cosmological recombination. Nonlinear structure formation. Dark matter halos. Cosmological simulations. Galaxy surveys through cosmic time. Stellar populations. Models of galaxy formation. Galaxies and supermassive black holes. Letter grading.

  • 276. Instrumentation and Observational Techniques

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Telescopes, optical principles, cameras, and spectrographs. Optical detectors; photomultiplier tubes, CCDs. Infrared detectors and arrays. Radio detectors. X-ray and gamma-ray detectors. Interferometry and aperture synthesis. Data analysis techniques. Statistical methods. Letter grading.

  • 277A. Astronomy Research Project

    Units: 6

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Designed for second-year graduate astronomy students. Two-term research project planned in conjunction with faculty adviser on any suitable research topic in astronomy or astrophysics, culminating in written report at end of second term. S/U grading.

  • 277B. Astronomy Research Project

    Units: 6

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Designed for second-year graduate astronomy students. Two-term research project planned in conjunction with faculty adviser on any suitable research topic in astronomy or astrophysics, culminating in written report at end of second term. Letter grading.

  • 278. Special Topics in Astronomy

    Units: 2 to 4

    Seminar, to be arranged. Informal course with lecture/seminar format, focusing on one of set of specific topics in astronomy. S/U (2-unit course) or letter (4-unit course) grading.

  • 279. Seminar: Current Astronomical Research

    Units: 2

    Seminar, one hour. Astronomy and astrophysics colloquium with lectures on current research by local and visiting researchers. S/U grading.

  • 281. Quantum Mechanics for Astrophysics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, four hours. Designed for departmental graduate students. Quantum mechanical topics in areas of interest for astrophysics applications. Hydrogen atom, radiative transitions, complex atoms, molecular spectroscopy including electronic, vibrational, and rotational transition, nuclear reaction theory. Letter grading.

  • 282. High-Energy Astrophysics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Interactions of high-energy photons with matter. Telescopes and detectors (X-ray, gamma-ray, and radio). Accretion. Supernovae and gamma-ray bursts. Compact objects. Active galactic nuclei. Particle acceleration and cosmic rays. Dark matter, gravitational waves, neutrino astronomy. Letter grading.

  • 283. Numerical and Statistical Methods

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Topics selected by instructor in mathematical, numerical, and statistical methods of relevance to modern astrophysical research. Topics include Fourier transforms, filtering, and power spectra, numerical algorithms, N-body codes, maximum likelihood, Bayesian inference, and error estimation. Letter grading.

  • 284. Order of Magnitude Astrophysics

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Practice in real-time problem solving covering all fields of astrophysics. Topics selected by instructor. Students work together and individually to solve problems on blackboard using basic physics and order of magnitude estimations. Letter grading.

  • M285. Origin and Evolution of Solar System

    Units: 4

    (Same as Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences M285.) Lecture, four hours. Dynamical problems of solar system; chemical evidences from geochemistry, meteorites, and solar atmosphere; nucleosynthesis; solar origin, evolution, and termination; solar nebula, hydromagnetic processes, formation of planets and satellite systems. Content varies from year to year. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 286. Exoplanets: Properties, Origin, and Evolution

    Units: 4

    Lecture, three hours. Detection and statistics of extrasolar planets. Theories of planet formation. Structural and dynamical evolution of planets. Signatures and consequences of evolution. Interior and atmospheric structure. Relationship between planets and smaller bodies. Habitable zones. Letter grading.

  • 296. Research Topics in Astronomy

    Units: 2

    Discussion, two hours. Advanced study and analysis of current topics in astronomy. Discussion of current research and literature in research specialty of faculty member teaching course. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • M297. Research Tutorial: Astroparticle Physics

    Units: 2 to 4

    (Same as Physics M297.) Tutorial, one hour; discussion, two hours. Required of each graduate student doing research in this field. Seminar and discussion by faculty, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students on topics of current interest in astroparticle physics. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 375. Teaching Apprentice Practicum

    Units: 1 to 4

    Seminar, to be arranged. Preparation: apprentice personnel employment as teaching assistant, associate, or fellow. Teaching apprenticeship under active guidance and supervision of regular faculty member responsible for curriculum and instruction at UCLA. May be repeated for credit. S/U grading.

  • 596A. Directed Individual Studies

    Units: 4 to 10

    Tutorial, to be arranged. May be repeated at discretion of department. S/U grading.

  • 596L. Advanced Study and Research at Lick Observatory

    Units: 4 to 12

    Tutorial, to be arranged. Designed for graduate students who require observational experience, as well as those working on observational problems for their thesis. S/U grading.

  • 599. Ph.D. Research and Writing

    Units: 10 to 12

    Tutorial, to be arranged. May be repeated at discretion of department. S/U grading.